By L. R. Poos
A Rural Society after the Black demise is a learn of rural social constitution within the English county of Essex among 1350 and 1500. It seeks to appreciate how, within the inhabitants cave in after the Black demise (1348-1349), a specific financial setting affected usual people's lives within the parts of migration, marriage and employment, and in addition contributed to styles of non secular nonconformity, agrarian riots and unrest, or even rural housing. The interval less than scrutiny is frequently obvious as a transitional period among 'medieval' and 'early-modern' England, yet within the mild of contemporary advances in English historic demography, this learn means that there has been extra continuity than swap in a few seriously vital features of social constitution within the sector in query. one of the most crucial contributions of the publication are its use of an unprecedentedly wide variety of unique manuscript documents (estate and manorial documents, taxation and criminal-court documents, royal tenurial files, and the documents of church courts, wills etc.) and its software of present quantitative and comparative demographic equipment.
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Additional resources for A Rural Society after the Black Death: Essex 1350-1525 (Cambridge Studies in Population, Economy and Society in Past Time)
198-202. 46; 1851 Census, Great Britain vol. 6, pp. 628-32. In all of Chelmsford Hundred except the townships of Chelmsford, Moulsham (aggregated with Chelmsford in the census) and Sandon (1377 return missing), 3,767 paid tax in 1377 (implying 34 'Country-dwellers, common folk and craftsmen' helps to explain the persistence of a large stratum of near-landless labourers and craftsmen in the district throughout the later middle ages. Just as the southeast of England gradually came to claim a greater proportional share of the nation's aggregate wealth from the fourteenth to the early sixteenth century, so too did these same densely populated areas of Essex figure prominently in the rising economic weight that this corner of the country boasted.
Total 462 445 323 94 48 25 886 672 1,230 167 2,469 Note: Only townships whose returns are completely legible are included in this dataset. Sources: on land 911 30 'Country-dwellers, common folk and craftsmen' The statute by which Parliament granted this subsidy singled out taxpayers liable at the lowest rate in the following terms: And of every maner person borne under the Kynges obeysaunce beyng of thage of xvj yeres or above and beyng of the value of xls. in goodes or takyng any dayely wekely or yerely wages or other profettes for wages to the yerly value of xxs.
Kosminsky, Studies in agrarian history, pp. 216-23 (29 per cent of villeins and 47 per cent of free tenants in six Midlands counties were recorded in the 1279 Hundred Rolls as holding less than five acres); Postan, The medieval economy and society, pp. 127-9 (a* 10 4 manors in the home counties and southern England in the mid- and later thirteenth century, approximately 45 per cent of tenants held less than a quarter-virgate); Dyer, Lords and peasants in a changing society, pp. 299-301 (at four West Midlands manors in 1299, tenants holding less than a half-yardland ranged from 26 to 42 per cent of all tenants); Titow, English rural society, p.