By Frank Dietrich
Frank and Albert Dietrich have been exact twins whose lives took very differentdirections in the course of international warfare II. Drafted into the military Air Corps and educated asa radio operator, Frank used to be shipped to the Philippines in 1945, the place as a sergeantin the 5th Air strength he ready for the invasion of Japan. Albert, a pacifist,struggled mightily to turn into a conscientious objector and spent yearsbuilding dams, saving farmland, and supporting the negative at Civilian carrier Campsin South Dakota, Iowa, and Florida.Raised in a detailed, spiritual, Pittsburgh relatives, Frank and Albert have been inseparable asboys, sharing a robust social sense of right and wrong. Divided by means of struggle, they stored in contact bywriting 1000s of letters to one another. The correspondence matters everythingfrom the day-by-day drudgery of service-loneliness, awful food-to heartfelt debatesabout conflict, peace, and patriotism.This soaking up collection of letters bargains clean views at the Americanexperience in the course of global warfare II. the 1st released correspondence betweenGI and CO brothers, the letters are an uncommonly articulate chronicle of militaryservice and existence at the domestic entrance, together with GI marriage and parenthood. Backand forth, Frank and Albert additionally argued in regards to the makes use of of armed strength and pacifistnonviolence within the face of fascism and Nazism.Frank Dietrich's letters from Manila are shiny descriptions of a liberated urban underan uneasy profession. Albert offers an insider's view of the pacifist experience,especially the protracted efforts pacifists usually needed to salary to acquire CO status.Together, the letters deliver to existence other ways americans selected to serve theircountry in the course of considered one of its most threatening and significant times.
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Extra resources for Army GI, Pacifist CO: The World War II Letters of Frank Dietrich and Albert Dietrich (World War II: The Global, Human, and Ethical Dimension)
I have dedicated my life to social work and hope that I shall have an opportunity to contribute much to human welfare and social betterment 00_FM_Bennett_Fordham 5/10/05 10:10 AM Page 35 Introduction 35 before my work is done. But I cannot reconcile war with social work. They are the antithesis of one another and to accept one means to totally reject the other. I accept social work and its principles and purposes. I reject war, its methods, purposes and results. To me, to kill a man is murder; to burn and destroy his property is arson; to capture and hold another human being forcibly is kidnaping; to take another’s possessions is larceny and theft; to willfully and purposefully make false statements about another, is slander or libel.
175 Despite such statements, the Sioux City draft board and Iowa board of appeal concluded that Albert was a secular and philosophical objector—not a genuine religious pacifist—and rejected his application for CO status. Why? First, they noted that he had enrolled in ROTC in college. Second, his twin brother, also a social worker, had joined the army, thus social work must not be antithetical to military service. Third, the FBI report, a part of his file, observed that some of Albert’s Pittsburgh neighbors were unaware that he was a pacifist, which raised questions about his sincerity and commitment.
119 Frank condemned the Japanese for their harsh, arrogant, and stupid occupation policies. He observed that their expropriation of homes, confiscation of crops, and other oppressive measures had alienated Filipinos and proved counterproductive to their goal of a Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity sphere. 121 Camp life and social interaction with GIs occupied much of Frank’s time. At Angeles City and Fort McKinley, the men lived in communal tents. 122 Frank shared a camaraderie with barrack mates, participated in bull sessions, and socialized with the other men.