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Cataloging of representative species (or major species groups) in the area of interest. , identification of spawning and feeding grounds). , trophic relationships, habitat requirements, and reproduction). • Determination of basic information on factors that determine the likelihood that About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted.
Thus, to understand the impact of anthropogenic activities on components of continental shelf habitats, we need to define the mechanisms of resistance, elasticity, and recoverability of such communities, as well as the various successional pathways in operation within the many assemblages of pelagic and benthic species. , 1987) and the design of sampling programs that are suitable for testing hypotheses and distinguishing between anthropogenic effects and natural variability (Green, 1979; Carney, 1987; Clarke and Green, 1988).
Most studies are performed by contractors to DOI (MMS, 1988a). C. ), MMS has an office for each of four regions: Alaska, Pacific, Gulf of Mexico, and Atlantic. ) are responsible for defining and contracting most of the studies. From 1974 through 1977, baseline studies were conducted in each OCS region where industry expressed an interest in leasing. According to MMS, those were large-scale, multidisciplinary studies designed to provide decision-makers with statistically valid baselines of the geological, physical, biological, and chemical characteristics of the proposed leasing areas (MMS, 1987c).