By Mathias Dewatripont, Visit Amazon's Jean-Charles Rochet Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Jean-Charles Rochet, , Jean Tirole, Keith Tribe
The monetary trouble that begun in 2007 within the usa swept the realm, generating tremendous financial institution mess ups and forcing exceptional kingdom relief for the crippled worldwide economic system. Bringing jointly 3 major monetary economists to supply a global standpoint, Balancing the Banks attracts severe classes from the reasons of the obstacle and proposes vital regulatory reforms, together with sound instructions for the ways that distressed banks will be handled within the future.
whereas a few contemporary coverage strikes pass within the correct course, others, the booklet argues, aren't adequate to avoid one other difficulty. The authors convey the need of an adaptive prudential regulatory process which may higher deal with monetary innovation. Stressing the varied and complicated demanding situations confronted via politicians, finance pros, and regulators, and calling for bolstered overseas coordination (for instance, within the therapy of distressed banks), the authors placed forth a few rules to accommodate concerns concerning the monetary incentives of monetary associations, the impression of financial shocks, and the position of political constraints.
providing an international point of view, Balancing the Banks could be learn via an individual inquisitive about fixing the present challenge and combating one other such calamity within the future.
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Additional info for Balancing the Banks: Global Lessons from the Financial Crisis
Liquidity must therefore be well reallocated. 46 The crisis exhibited not only an overall shortage of liquidity but also a limited reallocation of liquidity from cash-rich to cashpoor institutions. First, the liquidity of mortgage-backed securities shrank markedly when the risk of default was recognized. It is important to note that it is not bad news itself that creates a lack of liquidity but rather the amplification of the informational asymmetries created by bad news (otherwise, prices will simply fall without having an impact on the liquidity of securities).
Fourth, their independence is only partial: for instance, the favorable treatment of mortgage risk was a response to demands made by American politicians. Fifth, competition with other regulators, or with an absence of regulation, also complicates the regulators’ job. Regulated institutions compete with unregulated ones in some market segments. For example, in the 1990s commercial banks successfully lobbied regulators to undervalue risk on their trading book, on the (correct) grounds that they were subject to competition in trading activities from unregulated institutions.
43 2. Banks covered some of their risk by buying insurance from credit enhancers (the monolines) that were themselves undercapitalized. 3. Banks rescued conduits they had no duty to rescue. Bear Stearns, for example, went far beyond its legal obligations by bailing out some funds it had no obligation to rescue. ” 4. The transition to new procedural rules (Basel II) had been anticipated since 2004. An important aspect of the revision 42 A case in point is Lehman Brothers, which a few days before bankruptcy boasted a Tier 1 capital ratio of 11 percent (recall that the regulatory requirement is 4 percent).