By Evguenia Davidova
Drawing upon formerly unpublished advertisement ledgers and correspondence, this research deals a collective social biography of 3 generations of Balkan retailers. own money owed humanize multiethnic networks that navigated a number of social platforms aiding and opposing quite a few points of nationalist ideologies.
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Additional resources for Balkan Transitions to Modernity and Nation-States: Through the Eyes of Three Generations of Merchants (1780s-1890s) (Balkan Studies Library, Book 6)
He was paying in taksits (installments) of three months and benefitted from this arrangement in the exchange and trade of various currencies. The coins were traded in Istanbul and Salonica transported there mainly through kiracıs. 50 percent commissions with unlimited credit. 124 Although they expanded into money changing, tax collecting, and tax farming they did not abandon their dükkân trade and kept a wide array of high and low-risk activities. 120 Yuzo Nağata, Studies on the Social and Economic History of the Ottoman Empire (Izmir: Akademi Kitabevi, 1995), 69–70.
Okka rice, 100 p. okka cheese, 20 p. 24 The redistribution of resources and power conflicts affected the popu lation in many ways. 26 Karadjorgje himself, the revolt’s leader, was a livestock trader. 27 Some tradesmen benefitted substantially from the situation: Stevan živković, a merchant who fled from Belgrade’s dahis to 20 Dina Rizk Khouri, “The Ottoman centre versus provincial power-holders: an analysis of the historiography,” in The Cambridge History of Turkey, vol. 3, 136–137. 21 Karen Barkey, Empire of Difference.
73 Nikolaĭ Genchev, Vŭzrozhdenskiat Plovdiv (Prinos v Bŭlgarskoto dukhovno Vŭzrazh dane) (Plovdiv: Izdatelstvo “Khristo G. Danov,” 1981), 75. 74 For information about trade in honey, butter, and wine in Negotin and Čačak see Arhiv Srpska akademija nauke i umetnosti (Hereafter A-SANU), A-SANU, 700; 8581/1. the fathers, 1780s–1820s 23 The role of the fairs as sites of interregional and international trade was very important. 75 There were two major chains: one close to the Aegean and the other from the Ionian and Adriatic to the Black Sea.