Basic Concepts in Physics: From the Cosmos to Quarks by M. Chaichian;H. C. Perez Rojas;A. Tureanu

By M. Chaichian;H. C. Perez Rojas;A. Tureanu

This ebook, utilizing a unique mixture of old and conceptual techniques, supplies an obtainable and eminently readable creation to the most rules of contemporary physics. the 1st 5 chapters are dedicated to classical physics, from planetary movement to big relativity, continuously preserving in brain its relevance to questions of up to date curiosity. the following six chapters deal quite often with more recent advancements in physics, from quantum idea and normal relativity to grand unified theories, and the booklet concludes by means of discussing the function of physics in dwelling structures. A minimum mathematical heritage is needed of the reader, yet technicalities are refrained from so far as attainable; hence advanced calculations are passed over as long as the basic principles stay transparent. "From the Cosmos to Quarks" is the end result of the authors' lengthy and sundry instructing event in numerous international locations and for various audiences. it's going to function complementary interpreting for undergraduate and graduate experiences in physics and different typical sciences, for engineers and for high-school academics. The curious basic reader, too, will come to appreciate what physics is set and the way it describes the various phenomena of Nature. not just will readers of this ebook research a lot approximately physics, they'll additionally learn how to get pleasure from it.

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Example text

The unit vectors in the rotated system are i , j , whereas k does not change. The rotation matrix is an array of 3×3 numbers in three rows and three columns. The components of a matrix are labeled with two indices (i, j), where the first identifies the row and the second indicates the column. The rotated vector r is the product of the rotation matrix R with the non-rotated vector r. For instance, the component x is equal to the first row of R multiplied by r. It is x = Rxx x + Rxy y + Rxz z and similarly for the other components.

A text with a highly original approach to classical mechanics. 7. M. Chaichian, I. Merches, A. Tureanu,Mechanics, Springer-Verlag, (2011). This novel treatise on mechanics will be interesting for readers who want to supplement some topics dealt with in the present chapter. 8. C. Sagan, Cosmos, Random House, (1980). An exceptional book that synthesizes the author’s television series, in which he deals with a broad range of topics, among them the early stages of planetary exploration and the search for extraterrestrial life.

In several cases, opposite forces are responsible for static equilibrium, for instance, for a body having some weight P lying on a table. The weight P is applied on the table and the reaction of the table R = −P is applied on 21 the body. Opposite forces of equal modulus also appear in dynamics, as in the case of the Sun and a planet: their mutual action is expressed by opposite forces, but the forces are applied at different points, on the Sun and on the planet: the vector sum of the forces is zero, but they produce the motion of the bodies.

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