By United Nations
This e-book marks the fortieth anniversary of the United countries convention on alternate and improvement (UNCTAD) through starting up a suite of case stories ready by way of UNCTAD employees which debate the organisation's analytical study and coverage paintings to advertise the overseas alternate and monetary improvement of constructing international locations. It additionally appears at how UNCTAD's paintings has developed on account that its institution in 1964, based on alterations on this planet economic system because of globalisation, institutional alterations corresponding to the construction of the WTO, and ideological shifts in improvement considering.
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Extra resources for Beyond Conventional Wisdom in Development Policy: An Intellectual History of UNCTAD 1964-2004 (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development)
In the words of Rubens Ricupero, the Secretary-General of UNCTAD, “developing countries have become the most dynamic force in the growth of the world economy and trade. There is no doubt that the new locomotive of the international economy and the gate for a new push in world trade will be the developing countries. This is an additional reason for giving a new lease of life and greater prestige to the GSTP” (UNCTAD, 2000a). D. Trade in Services and Development The 1982 GATT Ministerial meeting had decided to include a new issue on its agenda: Trade in Services.
This system failed to ensure a suitable institutional framework for addressing the development concerns of a growing number of newly independent countries in the post-colonial period as well as of existing ones (such as in Latin America) that had reached only substantially lower levels of development. Despite the wider political ambitions on reforming the existing trade and economic order, the dissatisfaction with GATT finally led to the establishment of UNCTAD in 1964 as an organ of the UN General Assembly, but not as a comprehensive trade organization in terms of coverage and institutional basis as had been envisaged in the Havana Charter in the 1940s.
In the area of ~~ ~~ ~ Generalized System of Preferences, Decision 75(IV) adopted by the TDB at its fourth special session, 12-13 October 1970. Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States, UN General Assembly resolution 3281(XXIX), 12 December 1974. 7 An Intellectual History of UNCTAD international trade, special emphasis was placed on a wider application of the principle of non-reciprocity in trade relations between developing and developed countries. At UNCTAD 111, UNCTAD was also given the mandate (Conference resolution 82(III) entitled Multilateral Trade Negotiations) to assist developing countries to negotiate in the new round of MTNs in GATT which was to be launched in Tokyo later in 1972.