Bourgeois Hinduism, or Faith of the Modern Vedantists: Rare by Brian Hatcher

By Brian Hatcher

In 1839 a various team of Hindu leaders begun accumulating in Calcutta to proportion and propagate their religion in a non-idolatrous kind of worship. the crowd, often called the Tattvabodhini Sabha, met weekly to worship and listen to discourses from participants at the virtues of a rational and morally liable mode of worship. They known as upon historic resources of Hindu spirituality to steer them in constructing a kind of contemporary theism they often called "Vedanta." during this e-book, Brian Hatcher interprets those hitherto unknown discourses and situates them opposed to the backdrop of spiritual and social swap in early colonial Calcutta. except bringing to gentle the theology and ethical imaginative and prescient of an organization that used to be to have a profound effect on spiritual and highbrow existence in nineteenth-century Bengal, Hatcher's research promotes mirrored image on quite a few themes valuable to knowing the improvement of recent varieties of Hindu trust and practice.

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Sample text

At the same _ time, we might say they are also pre-Rammohan. What I mean to suggest is that, as of 1839, Rammohan existed in the Sabha¯’s past—as the man who put theistic Veda¯nta on the reform agenda in Bengal. But for all that, Rammohan had yet to figure in the Sabha¯’s self-understanding; he lay in the Sabha¯’s future, as the man who would in time be revered as a sort of founder ex post facto. The rediscovery of Rammohan did not come until 1842, when Debendranath resolved that the Tattvabodhinı¯ Sabha¯ should begin managing the affairs of the Bra¯hmo Sama¯j.

For much of this time, her grandson Debendranath stayed right beside her. No doubt he was deeply distraught at the prospect of losing his grandmother, but he was also moved by the depth of his grandmother’s devotion and her calm confidence in the face of death. It was in just these circumstances, as she lay dying in her riverside shelter, that Debendranath was to have a profoundly moving spiritual experience. His story rightly ranks among the paradigmatic accounts of transformative religious awakening.

He told S´ya¯macarana that he would have to _ leave to go to work at his father’s bank, where he was employed as an assistant cashier. With the world of mammon summoning him he left, but not before giving S´ya¯macarana explicit instructions to ‘‘decipher the meaning of the _ verses so that you can explain it all to me on my return from office’’ (Tagore 1909: 14). It should have been a long day at the office, but Debendranath was too agitated to stay. He pled his case and received permission to return home early.

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