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If so, which air-conditioning system will be the most energy efficient? Compare the degree of temperature and humidity control for various system configurations and evaluate the required capacity and energy consumption How can daylight penetration be maximised and glare sources eliminated? Evaluate and compare daylight factors and glare indices for a range of glazing options and shading devices with and without each feature Will displacement ventilation be able to cope with the high levels of internal gain?
5 Comfort, heating and cooling loads, and lighting are affected in many designs by shading from adjacent buildings and other parts of the façade. Many programs offer the possibility of viewing the building model from selected sun positions to determine the importance of shading. If shading is significant and solar gains are an important determinant of performance, more detailed shading analyses are required. For highly glazed spaces or for detailed studies it may be necessary to undertake an analysis of the solar distribution between the modelled surfaces.
2). This section concentrates on the inherent accuracy of the programs and their validation. Due to its complexity, the topic is described only briefly, although sources of further reference are provided. The study of these will provide a basic understanding of validation matters. The knowledge acquired at this stage should be sufficient to enable useful conversations with vendors about validation. Thermal simulation programs, particularly those in the public domain, have been exposed to a greater variety of, and more rigorous, validation exercises than simpler methods.