By S.J. Mazzullo, H.H. Rieke, G.V. Chilingarian
This moment quantity on carbonate reservoirs completes the two-volume treatise in this vital subject for petroleum engineers and geologists. jointly, the volumes shape an entire, sleek connection with the homes and creation behaviour of carbonate petroleum reservoirs.
The publication includes priceless glossaries to geologic and petroleum engineering phrases offering targeted definitions for writers and audio system. academics will discover a priceless appendix dedicated to questions and difficulties that may be used for instructing assignments in addition to a consultant for lecture improvement. moreover, there's a bankruptcy dedicated to middle research of carbonate rocks that is perfect for laboratory instruction.
Managers and construction engineers will discover a overview of the newest laboratory expertise for carbonate formation evaluate within the bankruptcy on center research. the fashionable category of carbonate rocks is gifted with petroleum construction functionality and total characterization utilizing seismic and good try out analyses. Separate chapters are dedicated to the $64000 certainly fractured and chalk reservoirs.
Throughout the booklet, the emphasis is on formation review and performance.
This two-volume paintings brings jointly the wide range of ways to the learn of carbonate reservoirs and may as a result be of worth to managers, engineers, geologists and lecturers.
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Extra resources for Carbonate Reservoir Characterization: A Geologic-Engineering Analysis, Part II (Developments in Petroleum Science) (Pt. II)
83 as calculated by the probabilistic method of Narr and Lerche (1984). Narr and Lerche (1984) and Aguilera (1988) considered the effect of a bed with an angle between the core axis and bedding, 0, and an angle between the core axis and fractures,/3, on calculating a vertical fracture spacing under such conditions (Fig 19). A true fracture index (/) can be calculated using the angles 0 and ,/3: /sin0cos/3 I= , (1-15) sinO +/sin/3cos/3 where I e is the apparent fracture index. Table 1-II presents Aguilera's (1988) results using Narr and Lerche's (1984) data from the above example problem: 0 = 60 ~ and fl = 30 ~ and / = 1.
TABLE 1-III Significance of reservoir heterogeneity types for oil recovery. ) Sweep efficiency Reservior heterogeneity type Reservoir continuity 1. Sealing fault Semi-sealing fault Non-sealing fault 2. Boundaries genetic units 3. Permeability zonation within units 4. Baffles within genetic units 5. Lamination, cross-bedding 6. Microscopic heterogeneity, Textural types, Mineralogy 7. Fracturing- Tight - Open X (x) (x) X Horizontal Vertical X X X X X X X (x) (x) (x) x (x) (x) X = strong effect; (X) = moderate effect; ROS = remaining oil saturation.
1989). The general rule of thumb is that naturally-fractured carbonate reservoirs are poor candidates for miscible CO 2flooding. Beliveau et al. (1993) reported on a pilot miscible CO 2 flood in the Midale Field (Mississippian) located in southeastern Saskatchewan, Canada. The results of the pilot test showed that a substantial tertiary recovery is obtainable using CO 2in a fractured reservoir owing to favorable gravity effects and open vertical fracture system. , 1993), and the flood was non-cyclical.