Evolution of Italian Enterprises in the 20th Century by Renato Giannetti (auth.), Prof. Renato Giannetti, Prof.

By Renato Giannetti (auth.), Prof. Renato Giannetti, Prof. Michelangelo Vasta (eds.)

During the 1st two-thirds of the twentieth century the topics of sectorial constitution and in comparison functionality be triumphant in Italian financial historiography. within the final a part of the century, by contrast, awareness is concentrated at the habit of unmarried fiscal actors and their micro-economic suggestions. This ebook intends to behave as a bridge among the 2 methods, and reconstructs - via an unique research in accordance with a plurality of methodologies - the secular trip of Italian business firm, targeting the most topics that experience characterised the historic and monetary debate during time: structural alterations and financial progress relative to the succession of technological regimes, the comparability on a global scale, huge and small company, the organizational constitution of possession and keep watch over, the features of marketers and executives and their strategies.

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Evolution of the Web in Artificial Intelligence Environments by R. Nayak, L. C. Jain (auth.), Richi Nayak, Nikhi

By R. Nayak, L. C. Jain (auth.), Richi Nayak, Nikhi Ichalkaranje, Lakhmi C. Jain (eds.)

The exceptional development of the internet has ended in the improvement of many clever net purposes utilizing man made intelligence recommendations. those functions diversity from entry of knowledge to automated initiatives on the internet. the cloth during this ebook is designed to be drawn from various net program components in order to supply an outline of significant contributions within the improvement of the internet functions. those are quite often within the components of net personalisation, semantic internet and net services.

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Soziobiologie: Die Evolution von Kooperation und Konkurrenz by Eckart Voland

By Eckart Voland

Soziobiologie ist den evolutionsbiologischen Ursprüngen tierlichen und menschlichen Sozialverhaltens auf der Spur. Kosten und Nutzen dieses Soziallebens werden in diesem Buch genauso behandelt, wie Strategien sozialer Konkurrenz, additionally Gewalt, Kampf und Dominanz, aber auch Kooperation, Altruismus und Solidarität. Die grundsätzlich in Konflikt miteinander stehenden Interessen zwischen dem männlichen und weiblichen Geschlecht sind Treibstoff der sexuellen Selektion. Kooperation ist als momentaner, immer auch brüchiger Kompromiss im Kampf der Geschlechter zu verstehen. Außerdem geht es in diesem Buch um die neuesten Erkenntnisse zur Evolution der Eltern/Kind-Verhältnisse und damit um die Frage, wie das Naturgeschehen ein Brutpflegeverhalten hervorbringen konnte, das Kindesvernachlässigung und -tötung und zugleich aber auch in depth, tief empfundene elterliche Zuneigung und Fürsorge möglich macht. Das Buch richtet sich an Studierende und Lehrende der Biologie, Anthropologie, Psychologie und Sozialwissenschaften.

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Partially Intergrable Evolution Equations in Physics by A. R. Bishop (auth.), Robert Conte, Nino Boccara (eds.)

By A. R. Bishop (auth.), Robert Conte, Nino Boccara (eds.)

In the numerous actual phenomena governed via partial differential equations, severe fields are presently overcrowded as a result of fresh huge advancements: 1) the sector of thoroughly integrable equations, whose contemporary advances are the inverse spectral remodel, the recursion operator, underlying Hamiltonian constructions, Lax pairs, and so on 2) the sphere of dynamical structures, frequently equipped as types of saw actual phenomena: turbulence, intermittency, Poincare sections, transition to chaos, and so forth. In among there's a very huge sector the place platforms are neither integrable nor nonintegrable, yet partly integrable, and other people operating within the latter area frequently understand tools from both 1) or 2). a result of growing to be curiosity in in part integrable platforms, we made up our minds to arrange a gathering for physicists lively or approximately to adopt study during this box, and we inspiration that a suitable shape will be a college. certainly, a few of the above pointed out tools are usually adaptable outdoors their unique area and hence worthy to study in an interdisciplinary tuition. one of many major issues used to be to maintain an accurate stability among physics and arithmetic, and this is often mirrored within the record of courses.

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Evolution's Wedge: Competition and the Origins of Diversity by David W. Pfennig, Karin S. Pfennig

By David W. Pfennig, Karin S. Pfennig

Evolutionary biology has lengthy sought to give an explanation for how new features and new species come up. Darwin maintained that pageant is vital to knowing this biodiversity and held that choice appearing to reduce festival motives opponents to turn into more and more diversified, thereby selling new features and new species. regardless of Darwin’s emphasis, competition’s function in diversification continues to be debatable and mostly underappreciated.

In their man made and provocative booklet, evolutionary ecologists David and Karin Pfennig discover competition's position in producing and conserving biodiversity. The authors talk about how choice can decrease source festival or expensive reproductive interactions through selling trait evolution via a procedure often called personality displacement. They extra describe personality displacement’s underlying genetic and developmental mechanisms. The authors then give some thought to personality displacement’s myriad downstream results, starting from shaping ecological groups to selling new characteristics and new species or even fueling large-scale evolutionary traits. Drawing on a number of experiences from traditional populations, and written for a wide viewers, Evolution’s Wedge seeks to encourage destiny study into personality displacement’s many implications for ecology and evolution.

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SuperCooperators: Evolution, Altruism and Human Behaviour by Martin Nowak, Roger Highfield

By Martin Nowak, Roger Highfield

everyone seems to be conversant in Darwin's principles in regards to the survival of the fittest yet Darwin's conception has one significant chink: if in simple terms the fittest continue to exist, then why may we probability our personal existence to save lots of a stranger?

a few humans argue that concerns corresponding to charity, equity, forgiveness and cooperation are evolutionary unfastened ends. yet as Harvard's celebrated evolutionary biologist Martin Nowak explains during this groundbreaking and debatable ebook, cooperation is important to the four-billion-year-old puzzle of life.

Cooperation is key to how molecules within the primordial soup crossed the watershed that separates useless chemistry from biochemistry.

With wit and readability, Martin Nowak and the bestselling technology author Roger Highfield make the case that cooperation, no longer festival, is the defining human trait. SuperCooperators will clarify our figuring out of evolution and human behaviour, and impress debate for years to come.

'Groundbreaking...SuperCooperators is a component autobiography, half textbook, and reads like a best-selling novel.' Nature

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Evolution: The History of an Idea, Revised edition by Peter J. Bowler

By Peter J. Bowler

Peter J. Bowler's accomplished, attention-grabbing account of the heritage of evolutionary theories introduces professional and nonspecialist alike to 1 of the main effective medical principles of contemporary occasions. This re-creation is up to date in its content material and contains an augmented bibliography that provides an exceptional consultant to additional analyzing. As within the unique variation, Bowler's even-handed strategy not just clarifies the heritage of his arguable topic but in addition provides considerably to our figuring out of up to date debates over it. the assumption of evolution keeps to evolve.

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Convergent Evolution: Limited Forms Most Beautiful (Vienna by George McGhee

By George McGhee

Charles Darwin famously concluded at the foundation of Species with a imaginative and prescient of "endless varieties most lovely" continuously evolving. greater than a hundred and fifty years later many evolutionary biologists see no longer never-ending kinds however the comparable, or very comparable, kinds evolving many times in lots of autonomous species lineages. A porpoise's fishlike fins, for instance, aren't inherited from fish ancestors yet are independently derived convergent features. during this e-book, George McGhee describes the ubiquity of the phenomenon of convergent evolution and connects it on to the idea that of evolutionary constraint--the concept that the variety of evolutionary pathways to be had to lifestyles usually are not never-ending, yet rather constrained. Convergent evolution happens on all degrees, from tiny natural molecules to complete ecosystems of species. McGhee demonstrates its ubiquity in animals, either herbivore and carnivore; in crops; in ecosystems; in molecules, together with DNA, proteins, and enzymes; or even in minds, describing problem-solving habit and crew habit because the items of convergence. for every species instance, he offers an abbreviated record of the key nodes in its phylogenetic type, permitting the reader to work out the evolutionary courting of a bunch of species that experience independently developed an analogous trait by means of convergent evolution. McGhee analyzes the function of practical and developmental constraints in generating convergent evolution, and considers the medical and philosophical implications of convergent evolution for the predictability of the evolutionary approach.

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Engineering the Human: Human Enhancement Between Fiction and

During this ebook, the subject of human enhancement is mentioned from a number of views – genetic, clinical, philosophical, literary, sociological, and felony. It addresses not just these features that almost all instantly are evoked while one thinks of ‘human enhancement,’ corresponding to genetic engineering, cloning, man made implants and synthetic intelligence, but additionally much less visible points together with evolutionary views in reference to the prolongation of the human lifespan, cosmetic surgery for the reason that its beginnings, and questions akin to even if the excellence among ‘natural’ and ‘artificial’ can relatively be drawn in any respect and the way it's been conceived around the a while, or what the criminal implications of contemporary advancements and strategies are.

Many chapters draw parallels to the illustration of those advancements in pop culture, from Jules Verne via Aldous Huxley to the motion picture Gattaca, addressing the hopes and fears that they mirror in addition to the query of the way practical they're. whereas all chapters have been written through scientists on the best in their respective fields, all are available to a non-specialist viewers and eminently readable. They signify a state-of-the artwork evaluate of questions which are of curiosity to a extensive viewers. The e-book hence goals a non-specialist viewers with an curiosity in philosophical, sociological, medical and criminal concerns concerned about either conventional and up to date concerns in regards to the wish of mankind to enhance itself. it's special in that it brings jointly these kind of points inside of a coherent and cohesive paintings.

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Sexual Coercion in Primates and Humans: An Evolutionary by Martin N. Muller, Richard W. Wrangham

By Martin N. Muller, Richard W. Wrangham

Clash among ladies and men over copy is ubiquitous in nature as a result of primary adjustments among the sexes in reproductive charges and funding in offspring. in just a number of species, even if, do men strategically hire violence to manage lady sexuality. Why are such a lot of of those primates? Why are women often abused in a few species, yet by no means in others? and will the research of such disagreeable habit by means of our closest kinfolk aid us to appreciate the evolution of men’s violence opposed to girls?

within the first systematic try to investigate and comprehend primate male aggression as an expression of sexual clash, the members to this quantity give some thought to coercion in direct and oblique types: direct, in overcoming girl resistance to mating; oblique, in reducing the opportunity the feminine will mate with different men. The ebook provides wide box learn and research to guage the shape of sexual coercion in various species—including the entire nice apes and humans—and to elucidate its position in shaping social relationships between men, between ladies, and among the sexes.

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