By Andrew D. M. Beaumont
Colonial the US and the Early of Halifax examines the governance of British the United States within the interval sooner than the yankee Revolution. Focusing upon the occupation of George Montagu Dunk, moment Earl of Halifax and primary Lord of the Board of exchange & Plantations (1716-1771), it explores colonial planners and policy-makers in the course of the political hiatus among the age of Walpole and the following age of imperial concern. As bold metropolitan politicians vied for ministerial dominance, Halifax's board performed an important position in shaping British perceptions of its growing to be empire. A repository of knowledge and intelligence, the board provided Halifax the chance to set up his personal area of interest curiosity, for the great of the empire and himself alike.
Challenging the view that Britain's perspective in the direction of its American colonies used to be considered one of lack of understanding compounded through complacency, this research explores these charged at once with governing the United States, from the imperial centre to its westward peripheries: the governors entrusted with preserving the royal prerogative, and enforcing reform. among 1748 and 1761, Halifax sought to reform the the USA from a motley collection of territories into an ordered, uniform asset of the imperial countryside. Exploring the governors themselves finds a fancy, smooth community and private loyalties, certain jointly via mutual self-interest less than Halifax's leadership.
Confronted by way of the Seven Years' battle, Halifax observed his plans and fans deplete within the face of worldwide clash, the result of which confirmed British the US, and likewise sowed the seeds of its eventual destruction in 1776.
Long overshadowed through the stated 'great males' of his age, this research restores Halifax and his curiosity to its rightful position as an important impression upon significant old occasions, illustrating his grand, problematic imaginative and prescient for another British the USA that by no means was.
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Extra resources for Colonial America and the Earl of Halifax, 1748-1761 (Oxford Historical Monographs)
Philp, ‘John Russell’, 1. In 1739 Bedford presented a petition to the Lords on behalf of the citizens of London, in which he set out the necessity of protecting ‘the welfare and prosperity of the city of London, the only source of our riches’. The petition argued that the key to metropolitan wealth lay in Britain’s unrivalled American resources, the protection of which was imperative to the economy’s survival. Bedford closed by stating the case for an end to Britain’s laissez-faire attitude towards the colonies, observing ‘the fatal consequences of leaving the freedom of their navigation and commerce any longer in suspence and uncertainty’.
Despite the apathetic conduct of previous ﬁrst lords, the board was seen as a working ofﬁce, and to that end it was felt that the post should go to someone possessing some sense of dynamism and ability. Halifax’s name was not initially among the Pelhams’ shortlist, hardly surprising given his hitherto lukewarm relations with Newcastle. However as Secretary of State for the closely connected Southern Department, Bedford’s opinion was sought. Having recently engineered his protégé Sandwich’s appointment to the Admiralty Ofﬁce, Halifax was next in line for Bedford’s favour.
32 Colonial America and the Earl of Halifax, 1748–1761 Halifax’s early years may have been deﬁned by the presence of Sir Robert Walpole, but it was the great man’s departure which provided the catalyst to his own career. The 1741 election brought about a radical reshaping of the political landscape, and with his majority slashed to a little over a dozen, Walpole’s hitherto-impregnable ministry unravelled. 88 Walpole’s departure created a power vacuum, prompting a scrabble for place and inﬂuence.