Competitiveness in Small Developing Economies: Insights from by Alvin G. Wint

By Alvin G. Wint

In all probability no staff is extra aware of the demanding situations created through the expanding integration of markets for capital, labour, items and data than small, constructing economies. coverage makers from those economies have sought a two-track reaction to this integration. One reaction lies in expanding lobbying efforts for those economies to be accorded unique, or extra equitable therapy in industry integration discussions. the second one reaction lies in bettering the competitiveness in their economies. it really is this moment reaction that offers the subject material for this booklet. It explores the demanding situations and possibilities linked expanding competitiveness in small, constructing economies in response to study performed within the Caribbean. the themes coated point out the breadth of job that's required to augment. competitiveness. on the macro-policy point, the ebook explores the foremost drivers of competitiveness, examines the position of trade expense regimes and of presidency coverage, considers the consequences sovereignty, and assesses the level to which competitiveness more likely to be enhanced by means of attracting international direct funding. on the point of private-sector firm the ebook reviews

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27. 28. 29. 30. Indonesia Italy Kazakhstan Madagascar Mali Morocco Netherlands Nigeria Peru Portugal South Africa Sweden Tanzania Turkey Yemen Durbin Watson (DW) statistic, and tests for bounded influence suggested no undue problems associated with outlying observations. Another statistical analysis was conducted to test whether or not “size mattered”; that is, were small countries, in fact, different from larger countries in relation to the factors that explained variations in relative economic performance.

25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. Lithuania Macedonia Mauritania Moldova Mongolia Namibia New Zealand Nicaragua Norway Panama Papua New Guinea Singapore Slovenia Togo Uruguay Although per capita income has been used as a measure of the performance of small economies in several studies,27 there is debate about the utility of per capita income in this regard. 28 This study accepts the overall concerns about issues of vulnerability of small countries, but does not accept that per capita income cannot be used as a proxy for the economic performance of small countries, particularly in an assessment of the intragroup performance of small countries.

Cluster Four comprises the seven largest economies in the Caribbean. All are independent countries, with Haiti having achieved independence in 1804. 36 Caribbean Experiences With the exception of Cuba, these countries all officially have managed exchange rate floats. Cuba’s official exchange rate is fixed, but in the presence of a closed foreign exchange window, it essentially has a flexible exchange regime, with the market rate becoming the de facto exchange rate in Cuba, given the marked divergence between the official and market rates.

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