Contracting Out for Human Services: Economic, Political, and by Ruth Hoogland DeHoog

By Ruth Hoogland DeHoog

Contracting out for prone has develop into a favored approach in government's perennial quest to chop spending. but seldom has the perform been tested from any however the public selection procedure. This ebook explores contracting out within the very important sector of human prone, overlaying the severe stipulations of contracting and the important issues of politics, approaches, provider caliber, and effectiveness.
In doing so, DeHoog makes use of 3 theoretical views drawn from social technology traditions: the industrial viewpoint of marketplace imperfections, the political standpoint of cooptation, and the interdisciplinary viewpoint of organizational decision-making. to guage the views and their predictions within the human providers, DeHoog has tested contracting in social providers (Title XX) and employment and coaching courses, (CETA), basically via in-depth interviews with members.

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Additional resources for Contracting Out for Human Services: Economic, Political, and Organizational Perspectives (Suny Series in Urban Public Policy)

Sample text

And how can the purchasing unit evaluate the proposed price and services when there is no method of comparison? ) In addition, the procedures utilized by the government unit must promote, rather than reduce, competition. Wide advertising, a clear and complete specification of the services required, and the impartial consideration of contractors throughout the process are the primary methods of ensuring that purchasing services will ultimately benefit the service consumers and taxpayers. Usually, maximum efficiency will be realized when the government has an adequate knowledge of: 1) potential service providers, and their past performance; 2) the services themselves, especially as they relate to the needs of consumers; 3) the methods of service; and 4) the costs of various components of the services.

This anticipation of reduced costs of public services is the most compelling reason for both scholars and government officials to favor contracting out. , it is expected that competition for contracts among private contractors will also produce better quality services Page 7 for the price paid, since a direct monetary incentive for good performance by suppliers exists. 17 If the service delivered is judged to be inadequate by the overseeing agency, another supplier could be granted the contract (either another private agent or a government agency).

44 Purchasing services from one or a few private suppliers on a continuing basis can produce cozy relationships that are highly beneficial for both sides, but may not be in the general interests of the taxpayers. In addition, conflict of interests and the use of bribes, kickbacks, and other illegal activities have been observed in many state and local governments and can be a part of any contracting system. As Lyle C. Fitch states: Contracts are one of the most common and lucrative sources of corruption in government.

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