Criminal Justice: An Introduction to Philosophies, Theories by Ian Marsh

By Ian Marsh

This new textual content encourages scholars to increase a deeper figuring out of the context and the present workings of the felony justice process. the 1st half bargains a transparent and accomplished evaluate of the main philosophical goals and sociological theories of punishment, the historical past of justice and punishment and the constructing viewpoint of victimology. within the moment half, the point of interest is at the major components of the modern felony justice process, together with the police, the courts and judiciary, prisons and neighborhood penalties.

There are ordinary reflective query breaks which permit scholars to contemplate and reply to questions with regards to what they've got simply learn and the e-book comprises worthy pedagogic positive aspects similar to boxed examples, best questions and annotated additional analyzing.

This sensible ebook is especially geared to undergraduate scholars following programmes in legal justice and criminology. it is going to additionally turn out an invaluable source for practitioners who're following vocationally dependent classes within the legal justice zone – in social paintings, early life justice and police education classes.

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Example text

The design of the new penitentiary was entrusted to Captain Joshua Jebb. . In his eyes, the virtue of the separate system was that ‘in depriving a prisoner of the contaminating influences arising from being associated with his fellow prisoners, all the good influences which can be brought to bear upon his character are substituted for them’. . One of the reasons for the immediate success of the ‘separate’ system was its capacity to appeal simultaneously to different and often conflicting constituencies of interest.

Crimes are acts which violate the society’s collective conscience; they violate its moral code, and this violation produces a punitive reaction. To put it another way, crimes are seen as moral outrages which lead to a demand that they be punished. In Durkheim’s words, ‘crime brings together upright consciences and concentrates them’; it provides the occasion for the collective expression of shared moral feelings. Crime, then, can be understood only in relation to the particular social context; it is simply an act that is prohibited by the collective conscience of the particular society.

And these different rationales can exist together within particular punishments – so that a prison sentence can be passed with the intention of being retributionary, of deterring offenders and of offering rehabilitation. QUESTION BREAK: THE OBSERVER CRIME AND JUSTICE DEBATE Tough on crime, tough on the causes of crime. But that was only half of it. Tough on criminals – there’s the full story. Lock them up (71,000 of them). Make sure the good-for-nothings are so far from home and family that regular visits are near impossible or, at least, financially crippling.

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