Development Connections: Unveiling the Impact of New by Inter-American Development Bank, A. Chong

By Inter-American Development Bank, A. Chong

Improvement Connections takes inventory of contemporary advances in what's greatly often called details and verbal exchange applied sciences (ICTs). The authors search to find how info and telecommunication applied sciences impact either the private and non-private sectors in Latin the USA and the way they could optimize ICT returns to society.

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Yet significant uncertainties still surround these interventions, especially in the case of highly visible initiatives, such as one laptop per child. ICT in education can be costly and may crowd out important alternative programs with significant returns. Given their irreversible nature due to the high initial costs, the unknowns regarding their impacts, and the limited capacity of governments to manage these complex interventions, it seems reasonable to proceed gradually with initiatives. Taking baby steps rather than leaps and bounds, planners can learn from experience, evaluate the impacts generated, and change decisions based on new information.

This relatively novel approach in empirical research in the social sciences helps shed light on topics that went previously unexamined, as data were inexistent. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) allow researchers to uncover new data and thus provide new and novel approaches to study a broad array of applications. In short, randomized experiments allow researchers to avoid having to do empirical research only where there is light. The issue then becomes the cost of the streetlight. Some argue that RCTs are expensive.

Com - licensed to ETH Zuerich - PalgraveConnect - 2011-04-01 the government to pilot and be an early implementer of many of these innovations, following strict evidence-based criteria. Many countries of the region have not yet overcome basic problems in their health sectors. Even though a serious assessment of the costs and benefits of many health innovations must be undertaken, many of them may absorb too many resources compared to the current amount spent on health in the region. The risk is that these innovations—especially those that involve network effects—may be less effective when implemented in fragmented systems that already suffer from coverage, equity, provision, and financing problems.

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