Frontline and Factory: Comparative Perspectives on the by Roy MacLeod, Jeffrey A. Johnson

By Roy MacLeod, Jeffrey A. Johnson

This publication represents a primary thought of try and research the criteria that conditioned commercial chemistry for battle in 1914-18. Taking a comparative point of view, it displays at the adventure of France, Germany, Austria, Russia, Britain, Italy and Russia, and issues to major similarities and modifications. It seems at altering styles within the business enterprise of undefined, and on the rising symbiosis among technological know-how, and the military.

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Extra resources for Frontline and Factory: Comparative Perspectives on the Chemical Industry at War, 1914-1924 (Archimedes)

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24 AN F12 7706, Pharmaceutical and Chemical Office, memoramdum, 13 April 1916. 25 Moureu, op. cit. note 3, 167–169. 26 AN F12 7699, Behal papers, 20 December 1915. 27 AN F12 7699, Behal papers, 17 December 1915. 28 AN F12 7698, Members of the OPCP (1916): Arsandaux: professeur de minéralogie à l’école de physique et de chimie; Auger : Maître de conférences à la Sorbonne (matières minérales, colorantes et organiques); Blaise: Maître de conférences à la Sorbonne, professeur à l’école de physique et de chimie industrielles (goudrons de houille et dérivés, produits pour la Guerre); Charabot: professeur à l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes Commerciales; Ders: attaché commercial, régisseur par économie; Detœuf: 30 SOPHIE CHAUVEAU préparateur à l’Ecole supérieure de pharmacie (pharmacie galénique, spécialités, objets de pansements, articles de chirurgie); Fauconnier: agrégé de chimie à la faculté de Médecine de Paris; Freundler: Maître de conférences adjoint à la faculté des Sciences (produits pharmaceutiques organiques); Marie: chef des travaux à l’institut de Chimie appliquée (grande industrie chimique); Marquis: chef des travaux à l’institut de Chimie appliquée (matières premières naturelles, alcaloïdes, glucosides, cires, vaselines, essences); Sommelet: professeur agrégé à l’Ecole supérieure de Pharmacie (produits pharmaceutiques minéraux et produits organiques salyciliques).

57 Overall, by mid-1916 the Central Powers had reason to be proud of a roughly threefold increase in the production of propellants. Yet as of July, Germany was still producing only 65% of the 10,000 tons per month called for in the current munitions plan, a goal that was not reached until December 1917. Between 1914 and 1917, the limiting factor was the scarcity of nitrogen. With other components, Germany suffered only temporary shortages. Shortfalls in cotton cellulose, in late 1914-early 1915, were solved by substituting rags and then wood cellulose in the form of crepe paper.

3 Hew Strachan, The First World War, vol 1: To Arms (Oxford: University Press, 2001), 1113. ), Miltärstadt Spandau: Zentrum der Preussischen Waffenproduktion 1722 bis 1918 (Berlin: Brandenbürgisches Verlagshaus,, 1998), 153. See also Reichsarchiv, Der Weltkrieg, 1914 bis 1918 vol. S. Mittler & Sohn, 1930), 394. 5 W. J. Reader, Imperial Chemical Industries: A History (London: Oxford University Press, 1970– 75), vol. I, 131–137, 151, 194–197, 216, 306–309; Wolfram Fischer, WASAG: Die Geschichte eines Unternehmens 1891–1966 (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1966), 18–26.

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