By Jr., John Miller
In publishing the heritage of wrestle operations the dept of the military has 3 goals. the 1st is to supply the military itself with a correct and well timed account of its diverse actions in directing, organizing, and applying its forces for the behavior of war—an account in order to be on hand to the provider faculties and to person participants of the Armed providers who desire to expand their expert analyzing. the second one goal is to provide the considerate citizen fabric for a greater knowing of the fundamental difficulties of warfare and the way during which those difficulties have been met, therefore augmenting his realizing of nationwide defense. The 3rd aim is to accord a well-earned popularity to the dedicated paintings and grim sacrifices of these who served. "The successes of the South Pacific Force," wrote Admiral Halsey in 1944, "were no longer the achievements of separate prone or members however the results of whole-hearted subordination of self-interest by means of all so that one winning 'fighting group' can be created."* The heritage of any South Pacific crusade needs to care for this "fighting team," with all usa and Allied prone. The victory on Guadalcanal should be understood merely through an appreciation of the contribution of every provider. not anyone carrier gained the conflict. the main decisive engagement of the crusade used to be the air and naval conflict of Guadalcanal in mid-November 1942, an engagement within which neither military nor Marine Corps flooring troops took any direct half. This quantity makes an attempt to teach the contribution of all providers to the 1st victory at the lengthy street to Tokyo.
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Additional info for Guadalcanal: The First Offensive (United States Army in World War II: The War in the Pacific)
The Joint Chiefs of Staff reserved the power to withdraw U. S. S. CofS, 2 Jul 42. OPD 381 Sec. II Case 83. S. NAVAL FORCES IN THE PACIFIC at the time of planning for the Guadalcanal operation. THE STRATEGIC DECISION 19 Admiral King dispatched orders to Pearl Harbor39 embodying the provisions of the directive and went to San Francisco to confer with Admiral Nimitz. 40 Admiral King's orders of 2 July did not actually initiate naval preparation for the offensive, for -both Nimitz and Ghormley had begun their preparations in June when Admiral King had contemplated making the offensive an all-Navy operation.
I, I, Ch. I, passim. Hereafter cited as Hist USAFISPA. A copy of the manuscript is filed in the Hist Div, SSUSA. PLANS FOR INVASION 23 CHART NO. 1 Organization of South Pacific Forces at the Inception of Task One *Hq, U. S. Army Forces, South Pacific, exercised administrative control over Army units. Prior to his appointment as Commanding General of U. S. Army Forces in the South Pacific, Harmon, who was one of the senior officers of the Army Air Forces and a pioneer in military aviation, had been Chief of the Air Staff.
Commissioned an ensign in 1910, he studied naval ordnance and engineering in the years prior to World War I. During the war he was a gunnery officer aboard several battleships, and in 1925 and 1926 he was on duty with the Navy Bureau of Ordnance. He completed naval aviation pilot training at Pensacola in August 1927, and commanded air squadrons for nearly two years. From 1929 to 1931 he served in the Plans Division of the Bureau of Aeronautics, and in 1932 he was a technical adviser to the United States delegation at the General Disarmament Conference at Geneva.