Gulf War and Health: Updated Literature Review of Depleted by Institute of Medicine, Board on Population Health and Public

By Institute of Medicine, Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice, Committee on Gulf War and Health: Updated Literature Review of Depleted Uranium

The 1991 Persian Gulf struggle used to be thought of a quick and winning army operation with few accidents and deaths. quite a few returning veterans, notwithstanding, quickly all started reporting illnesses that they believed to be linked to their provider within the gulf. below a Congressional mandate, the Institute of drugs (IOM) is reviewing a wide range of biologic, chemical, and actual brokers to figure out if publicity to those brokers will be answerable for the veterans' illnesses. In a 2000 record, Gulf conflict and well-being, quantity 1: Depleted Uranium, Sarin, Pyridostigmine Bromide, and Vaccines, the IOM concluded that there has been now not adequate proof to attract conclusions as to if long term illnesses are linked to publicity to depleted uranium, an element of a few army munitions and armor. based on veterans' ongoing issues and up to date courses within the literature, IOM up-to-date its 2000 record. during this most up-to-date file, Gulf struggle and future health: up to date Literature assessment of Depleted Uranium, the committee concluded that there's nonetheless now not adequate proof to figure out no matter if publicity to depleted uranium is linked to long term illnesses. The record was once backed via the U.S. division of Veterans Affairs.

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Extra resources for Gulf War and Health: Updated Literature Review of Depleted Uranium

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2005) studied rats treated with single intraperitoneal injections of uranium as uranyl acetate at 1 mg/kg to determine the temporal and regional distribution of depleted uranium in the brain, as measured with ICP-MS. In agreement with studies of Pellmar et al. (1999a,b) and Fitsanakis et al. (2006), uranium readily accumulated in the brain. At 24 hours after exposure, it was concentrated in the hippocampus, striatum, cerebellum, and cortex. Prior exposure to stress (five daily episodes of forced swimming) statistically significantly reduced hippocampal and cerebellar uranium then and tended to reduce uranium in all brain regions 7 days after exposure.

Werner, and P. Schramel. 2003. Assessment of exposure to depleted uranium. Radiation Protection Dosimetry 105(1-4):157-161. Royal Society. 2001. The health hazards of depleted uranium munitions: Part I. London, UK: The Royal Society Working Group on the Health Hazards of Depleted Uranium Munitions. Sztajnkrycer, M. , and E. J. Otten. 2004. Chemical and radiological toxicity of depleted uranium. Military Medicine 169(3):212-216. USACHPPM (US Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine).

Analysis of uranium dispersal and health effects using a Gulf War case study. Government Reports Announcements and Index 23:212. May, L. , J. Heller, V. Kalinsky, J. Ejnik, S. Cordero, K. J. Oberbroekling, T. T. Long, K. C. Meakim, D. Cruess, and A. P. Lee. 2004. Military deployment human exposure assessment: Urine total and isotopic uranium sampling results. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health A 67(8-10):697-714. McDiarmid, M. , and K. S. Squibb. 2001. Uranium and thorium. In Patty’s toxicology.

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