By D. Hank Ellison
Largely revised and up-to-date, this moment variation of the bestselling Handbook of Chemical and organic struggle Agents is going way past the “dirty thirty” usually mentioned brokers and offers quick entry to quite a lot of brokers that may be used as guns. This variation comprises extra periods of brokers, expands current sessions, and raises the variety of brokers defined. increasing the scope of the unique, this variation is wealthy with medical facts and gives additional information at the chemical, actual, and organic houses of those brokers and their future health effects.
hugely prepared and cross-referenced to supply quick entry to the main authoritative information, this instruction manual is split into periods in keeping with the typical army groupings of chemical, organic, and toxin brokers. extra sessions are supplied the place the divisions are too vast for acceptable id, in addition to sessions for non-traditional brokers and improvised commercial fabrics. on the finish of every type part is special technical information regarding person brokers, elements, precursors, and decomposition items inside of that class.
making use of 4 indices besides the handbook’s personal identity quantity, each one access follows a typical layout for that category together with toxicology, features, dangers, safety, and scientific reaction. different info is supplied the place appropriate akin to chemical formulation, routes of publicity, medicinal makes use of, danger or treaty directory, and outlines of the illness because it seems in people, animals, and crops. All values are according to a “standard” guy version to permit for consistency of information and evaluations.
nonetheless the gold-standard reference within the box, Handbook of Chemical and organic struggle brokers, moment version raises the bar by way of either caliber and volume and assures accuracy around the widest number of army, medical, and scientific resources on hand.
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Additional resources for Handbook of Chemical and Biological Warfare Agents, Second Edition
Of some plants and may pose an ingestion hazard. 5). If the animals’ eyes have been exposed to agent, they should be irrigated with water or saline solution for a minimum of 30 minutes. , hay or grain) should be destroyed. The remaining material should be quarantined until tested. Leaves of forage vegetation could still retain sufﬁcient nerve agent to produce mild to moderate effects for several weeks post release, depending on the level of contamination and the weather conditions. G-series nerve agents that have translocated to the leaves or fruit of plants may pose an extended ingestion hazard.
However, hydrolysis of GV-series agents produces acidic by-products; therefore, a large excess of base will be needed to ensure Ellison: “1434_c001” — 2007/7/14 — 10:07 — page 13 — #13 14 Handbook of Chemical and Biological Warfare Agents complete destruction of the agents. Due to the extreme volume required, household bleach is not an efﬁcient means of decontaminating large quantities of these agents. Avoid using highly concentrated caustic solutions because agents can become insoluble. Any agent that does not dissolve in the aqueous caustic solution will not be hydrolyzed.
LC50 : Concentration of vapor or aerosolized agent necessary to kill half of the exposed population. , concentration and duration of exposure) are known but a generalized dose–response (LCt50 ) is not available. LD50 : Amount of liquid or solid material required to kill half of the exposed population. Values are for ingestion (Ing), percutaneous (Per) exposures, and subcutaneous injection (Sub). These values are expressed as total grams per individual. Ellison: “1434_c000” — 2007/7/4 — 20:25 — page xxxi — #31 xxxii Explanatory Notes Miosis: Concentration in parts per million (ppm) required to induce signiﬁcant constriction of the pupil of the eye following a 2-min exposure to the agent.