By Robert A. Meyers
GAIN an entire figuring out OF the most recent PETROLEUM REFINING procedure TECHNIQUES
This authoritative source will end up crucial for an individual who wishes present, expertly written insurance of the newest advancements within the petroleum refining strategy undefined. This absolutely revised Fourth version is an entire compendium of licensable applied sciences for the refining of petroleum and construction of environmentally applicable fuels and petrochemical intermediates. It gives you in-depth assurance of today’s petroleum refining applied sciences, tools, and most sensible practices.
Handbook of Petroleum Refining techniques, Fourth Edition beneficial properties bankruptcy contributions from specialists at the various world’s major petroleum businesses, together with: Amec Foster Wheeler, CB&I, Chevron Lummus Global, Honeywell UOP, Sinopec, and Technip Stone & Webster. inside its pages, you'll get entire info at the excavation and construction of coal, diesel, and heavy crude in addition to fuels equivalent to shale oil and fuel. Product standards, economics, and international environmental rules are completely explained.
If you're looking for transparent, up to date, and trustworthy insurance of the newest applied sciences serving the petroleum undefined, your seek ends the following.
· Alkylation and Polymerization
· Base Aromatics construction Processes
· Catalytic Cracking
· Synthesis gasoline and Hydrogen Production
· Separation Processes
· Sulfur Compound Extraction and Sweetening
· Visbreaking and Coking
· Catalytic Reforming
· Oxygenates construction Technologies
· Olefins from Methanol
· Hydrogen Processing
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Extra resources for Handbook of Petroleum Refining Processes, Fourth Edition (Mechanical Engineering)
The overhead from the HF stripper is returned to the isostripper overhead system to recover acid and isobutane. A portion of the HF stripper bottoms is used as flushing material. A net bottom stream is withdrawn, defluorinated, and charged to the gas concentration section (C3-C4 splitter) to prevent a buildup of propane in the HF Alkylation unit. An internal depropanizer is required in an HF Alkylation unit processing C3-C4 olefins and may be required with C4 olefin feedstocks if the quantity of propane entering the unit is too high to be rejected economically as previously described.
Treated and dried olefinic feed is charged along with recycle and makeup isobutane (when applicable) to the reactor section of the plant. The combined feed enters the shell of a reactor–heat exchanger through several nozzles positioned to maintain an even temperature throughout the reactor. The heat of reaction is removed by heat exchange with a large volume of coolant flowing through the tubes having a low temperature rise. If cooling water is used, it is then available for further use elsewhere in the unit.
Recent developments propel the Alkylene process technology into the marketplace as a viable option with technical and economic benefits. As the demand for alkylate continues to grow, new alkylation units will help refiners meet the volume and octane requirements of their gasoline pools. The Alkylene process was developed as a safe alternative to commercial liquid acid alkylation technologies. BIBLIOGRAPHY Cara M. Roeseler, Steve M. Black, Dale J. Shields, and Chris D. Gosling, “Improved Solid Catalyst Alkylation Technology for Clean Fuels: The Alkylene Process,” NPRA Annual Meeting, San Antonio, March 2002.