Handbook of Pulp. Two Volume Set. by Herbert Sixta

By Herbert Sixta

During this quantity set, Dr. Herbert Sixta, head of the cellulose and viscose examine division at Lenzing AG in Austria, has introduced jointly a staff of authors to provide the 1st accomplished instruction manual out there. along the conventional features of pulping approaches, pulp utilized in and paper pulps, this e-book describes all pulping techniques used for paper and board production in addition to waste liquor remedy, pulp bleaching and environmental features, whereas additionally masking pulp houses and applications.

From the content:

- Chemical Pulp
- Mechanical Pulp
- Recovered Paper and Recycled Fibers
- Analytical Characterization of Pulps

This guide is vital examining for all chemists and engineers within the paper and pulp undefined.

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Sample text

1) [29]. Market data show that ECF production grew by 17% in 2001, whereas TCF pulp production remained constant, maintaining a small niche market at just over 5% of world bleached chemical pulp production. The transition to ECF is essentially complete in Europe, the United States and Canada, with ECF production now representing more than 96% of the whole bleached chemical pulp production. Dissolving pulps represent specialty pulps within the chemical pulp segment. They are chemically refined bleached pulps composed of more than 90% pure cellulose (a-cellulose).

The first species of trees to be used in great quantities for papermaking were pine and spruce from the temperate coniferous forests located in the cool northern climates of Europe and North America. However, during the past few decades a gradual shift to hardwood species has occurred, mainly driven by lower costs, better availability and advances in pulping and papermaking processes. Today the main species comprise birch, beech, aspen and maple, in the United States and central and western Europe, pine in Chile, New Zealand and United States, eucalyptus in Brazil, Spain, Portugal, Chile and South Africa.

A) Fig. 3 Packing in the crystalline lattice of (a): Model compound 4¢-O-Me-b-d-Glcp± (1®4)-b-d-GlcpOMe (phase 1); (b) cellulose Ia; and (c) cellulose Ib [26]. 200.

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