Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization (Chemical Industries) by Nour Shafik El-Gendy

By Nour Shafik El-Gendy

Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization describes the operation of some of the desulfurization procedure devices in a petrol refinery. It additionally explains the methods that produce uncooked fabrics for the petrochemical undefined. It illustrates the entire attainable methods to reduce the sulfur contents in petroleum and its fractions to diminish emissions of sulfur oxides.

This booklet introduces you to desulfurization strategies, together with biodesulfurization, in addition to know-how, giving assistance on how one can accomplish desulfurization in a number of refining strategies. It includes heritage chapters at the composition and evaluate of feedstocks and contains diagrams and tables of feedstocks and their respective produce. It additionally outlines the way to come to a decision which strategy can be hired to take away sulfur from diverse feedstocks.

A sensible and thorough dialogue of the sector, Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization delivers a powerful seize of a number of the techniques concerned with commercial desulfurization whereas supplying you with tips about which methods to take advantage of below convinced conditions.

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M. 1958. Thermal Hydrogenation. Transfer of Hydrogen from Tetralin to Cracked Residua. Ind. Eng. Chem. 50: 1067–1070. , and Prins, R. 1999. Hydrotreatment and Hydrocracking of Oil Fractions. Elsevier, Amsterdam. W. 1996. Hydrogen Transfer, Coke Formation, and Catalyst Decay and Their Role in the Chain Mechanism of Catalytic Cracking. Catal. Rev. Sci. Eng. 38: 101–157. Decroocq, D. 1984. Catalytic Cracking of Heavy Petroleum Fractions. Editions Technip, Paris, France. E. 1998. Hydrocracking: Reactions, Catalysts, and Processes.

G. 2007. The Desulfurization of Heavy Oils and Residua. 2nd Edition. , New York. 13, p. ) 22 Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization Speight, 2007). Thus, thiols as well as open-chain and cyclic sulfides are converted to saturated and/or aromatic compounds depending, of course, on the nature of the particular sulfur compound involved. Benzothiophene derivatives are converted to alkyl aromatics, while dibenzothiophene derivatives are usually converted to biphenyl derivatives. In fact, the major reactions that occur as part of the hydrodesulfurization process involve carbon–sulfur bond rupture and saturation of the reactive fragments (as well as saturation of olefins).

Catal. 159: 236–245. , and Davidson, M. 1992. Resid and Heavy Oil Processing. Editions Technip, Paris, France. Loupy, A. 2006. Microwaves in Organic Synthesis, 2nd Edition. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co kGaA, Weinheim, Germany. L. 1967. Mechanism of Coke Formation during the Cracking of Petroleum Tars. Izv. Vyssh. , Neft Gaz. 10(11): 134–136. L. 1968. Study of the Mechanism of Coke Formation in the Cracking of Petroleum Resins. Int. Chem. Eng. 8: 727–729 [first published in Vysshikh Uchebn. Zavendenii, Neft Gaz.

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