Heidegger and Jaspers on Nietzsche: A Critical Examination by Richard Lowell Howey (auth.)

By Richard Lowell Howey (auth.)

GENERAL difficulties IN NIETZSCHE INTERPRETATION each thinker offers specific difficulties of interpretation. With Nietzsche those difficulties are specifically the most important. The very richness of Nietzsche's concept and expression turns into a capture for the incautious or resourceful brain. might be the best temptation for the in­ terpreter of Nietzsche is to aim to "systematize" his suggestion right into a constant entire. the sort of test inevitably ends up in distortion, for there's a fluidity in Nietzsche's proposal which doesn't lend itself to strict categorization. this isn't to disclaim that there are specific natural styles in his philosophy. those styles emerge, even if, as Jaspers safely insists, purely upon cautious, serious comparability of pertinent passages drawn from the whole corpus of Nietzsche's works. No unmarried passage may be taken as a definitive assertion of Nietzsche's perspectives of any specific topic. usually, by way of offering or 3 specially proper quotations from the writer being thought of, the correctness of his interpretation. With Nietz­ a critic can aid sche, even though, this kind of approach is insufficient, for in lots of situations different passages are available so one can help another, if now not oppo­ website, interpretation. neither is this trouble alleviated by means of sizeable compi­ lations of appropriate passages, for then you'll be able to achieve simply as a lot, and particularly most probably extra, from re-reading Nietzsche's works themselves.

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Additional resources for Heidegger and Jaspers on Nietzsche: A Critical Examination of Heidegger’s and Jaspers’ Interpretations of Nietzsche, 1st Edition

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Beware lest a statue slay you. 10 However, less obviously Zarathustra's speech contains a warning for himself. You say you believe in Zarathustra? But what matters Zarathustra? You are my believers - but what matter all believers? You had not yet sought yourselves: and you found me. Thus do all believers; therefore all faith amounts to so little. " Here and elsewhere Thus Spoke Zarathustra can serve as a guide to the central core of Nietzsche's thought, for it is in this book that most of Nietzsche's early major ideas achieve fruition and the works which follow it are, in a very important sense, explications and elaborations of the major themes, both explicit and implicit, in Thus Spoke Zarathustra.

36. 35 Friedrich Nietzsche, Vorspiel einer Philosophie der Zukun/t, ed. Karl Lowith (Frankfurt am Main, 1959), pp. 169-78. 38 NIETZSCHE AS A MAN AND AS A PHILOSOPHER Jaspers on the Relevance 0/ Nietzsche's Life to his Thought As we have already observed, jaspers devotes almost one-fifth of his Nietzsche book to a consideration of Nietzsche's life. In these sections Jaspers, on the whole, proceeds descriptively, offering very many quotations from Nietzsche as support for interpretive remarks. In fact, jaspers' method of proceeding here might be characterized as "hermeneutic phenomenology," although certainly not in the sense in which Heidegger uses this phrase.

This already tells us that the basic approaches of Heidegger and Jaspers are radically different. Michael Hamburger in his book From Prophecy to Exorcism comments harshly on Heidegger's position on Nietzsche. In the case of a writer whose thought flowed so directly out of his life, who was consistent only in being unreservedly true to his own nature and his own moods, it is absurd to argue, as Heidegger did, that the biographical approach is outdated and irrelevant. Nietzsche himself claimed that only what is personal remains forever incontrovertible.

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