Hindi Structures: Intermediate Level, with Drills, by Peter Hook

By Peter Hook

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Extra resources for Hindi Structures: Intermediate Level, with Drills, Exercises, and Key (Michigan Papers on South and Southeast Asia)

Example text

The four arguments are: (1) the proposal that absence as a category is ontologically redundant because it can always be reduced to the bare locus; (2) the argument that absence is imperceptible, hence only a creature of conceptual construction; (3) the argument (by Russell’s opponent Demos) that the absence of any x can always be reduced to the presence of some y which repels x; and (4) the argument (by Bradley) that absences are subjective, appearing to be there due to the thwarted expectations of some mind.

Quickly, to make clear the notion of limitor of absenteehood: I may come to class and notice Amit’s absence. Amit, then, is the absentee, as Amit. But I may be looking for the only student who can read both Chinese and Sanskrit and find him absent. ” Though it makes sense to call absences negative facts, if only the presence of a relation between objects and properties counts as a fact, then absences should not count as facts. Even Russell, while giving the strongest defense of negative facts, warns us that “it must not be supposed that the negative fact contains a constituent corresponding to the word ‘not’ ” (Russell 1956, 287).

The combined concepts such as that of a golden mountain, a rabbit horn, or turtle wool, would be distinct conceptual modes of presenting pure nullity. Often in this manner are constructed the intentional objects of our unfulfilled, sometimes unfulfillable, desires. If I have the desire to own a dog as a pet, but also have the conflicting desire that my pet must sing and have wings, then I end up desiring a winged, singing dog, a nonexistent 6 Arindam Chakrabarti entity, a nonbeing (unless facing both the desires I cancel out one with the other).

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