By Walter Thabit
In reaction to the riots of the mid-‘60s, Walter Thabit used to be employed to paintings with the group of East manhattan to improve a plan for low- and moderate-income public housing. within the years that undefined, he skilled first-hand the forces that had engineered East New York’s dramatic decline and that endured to paintings opposed to its winning revitalization. How East long island grew to become a Ghetto describes the shift of East ny from a working-class immigrant local to a mostly black and Puerto Rican local and indicates how the ensuing racially biased guidelines triggered the deterioration of this as soon as flourishing area.
A clear-sighted, unflinching examine one ghetto group, How East ny turned a Ghetto presents insights and observations at the histories and fates of ghettos through the United States.
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Extra info for How East New York Became a Ghetto
At most, 1,000 children attended after-hours school activities, including tutorial programs. The one public library was located in the southeastern corner of the community, well over half a mile from most people, nor was its collection geared to serve black and Hispanic residents. The welfare center was in a makeshift building outside the community; families with children typically waited for hours before they were served. A small child health station was the only health facility in East New York, despite the incredible needs and the number of disabled people (see chapter 15).
This conﬂuence of events could well be the forerunner of a global phenomenon. Another part of the problem was the high cost of living in Puerto Rico. S. S. crews. Puerto Ricans ended up paying as much as 25 percent more for imported goods than the rest of the world (which transports most cargo on Panamanian- and Liberian-ﬂag freighters). , processed, and then re-imported for consumption by Puerto Ricans at high prices. In Barcelonetta, ﬁshermen’s livelihoods were destroyed by pollutants dumped in the river by pharmaceutical companies.
S. corporate investment, take a great deal of land, pollute vast areas of land and sea, and increase unemployment, rather than alleviating it. American Metal Climax (AMAX) and Kennecott Copper were negotiating strip mining rights in Puerto Rico’s central mountain range, a deal that would return $1 billion in proﬁts to the companies and little to the island. S. 7 In the early 1970s, a bill introduced in Congress would have exempted Puerto 28 THE POPULATION WAVE Rican workers from minimum wage and environmental protection laws.