Human anatomy & physiology, Edition: 9th ed by Elaine Nicpon Marieb; Katja Hoehn

By Elaine Nicpon Marieb; Katja Hoehn

1. The Human physique: An Orientation 2. Chemistry Comes Alive three. Cells: The residing devices four. Tissue: The dwelling textile five. The Integumentary method 6. Bones and Skeletal Tissues 7. The Skeleton eight. Joints nine. muscle tissues and muscular tissues 10. The Muscular method eleven. basics of the frightened procedure and frightened Tissue 12. The crucial anxious procedure thirteen. The Peripheral worried approach and Reflex task 14. The Autonomic apprehensive process 15. The unique Senses sixteen. The Endocrine process 17. Blood 18. The Cardiovascular process: the center 19. The Cardiovascular process: Blood Vessels 20. The Lymphatic method and Lymphoid Organs and Tissues 21. The Immune procedure: Innate and Adaptive physique Defensives 22. The respiration method 23. The Digestive method 24. nutrients, Metabolism, and physique Temperature legislation 25. The Urinary method 26. Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base stability 27. The Reproductive process 28. being pregnant and Human improvement 29. Heredity

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3i, h, and f, respectively). 3e). C/M/Y/K Short / Normal DESIGN SERVICES OF carlisle Publishing Services 6 Unit 1 Organization of the Body Skeletal muscles Hair Nails Skin Bones 1 Joint (a) Integumentary System Forms the external body covering, and protects deeper tissues from injury. ) receptors and sweat and oil glands. (b) Skeletal System Protects and supports body organs, and provides a framework the muscles use to cause movement. Blood cells are formed within bones. Bones store minerals. (c) Muscular System Allows manipulation of the environment, locomotion, and facial expression.

4 Interactions among the elements of a homeostatic control system maintain stable internal conditions. narrow limits. In general, the body is in homeostasis when its needs are adequately met and it is functioning smoothly. Maintaining homeostasis is more complicated than it appears at first glance. Virtually every organ system plays a role in maintaining the constancy of the internal environment. Adequate blood levels of vital nutrients must be continuously present, and heart activity and blood pressure must be constantly monitored and adjusted so that the blood is propelled to all body tissues.

On the cellular level, the muscle cell’s ability to move by shortening is more precisely called contractility. Responsiveness Responsiveness, or excitability, is the ability to sense changes (which serve as stimuli) in the environment and then respond to them. For example, if you cut your hand on broken glass, a withdrawal reflex occurs—you involuntarily pull your hand away from the painful stimulus (the broken glass). You don’t have to think about it—it just happens! Likewise, when carbon dioxide in your blood rises to dangerously high levels, chemical sensors respond by sending messages to brain centers controlling respiration, and you breathe more rapidly.

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