By B. R. Mackenna MB ChB PhD FRCP(Glasg), Robin Callander FFPh FMAA AIMI
A concise, hugely visible account of standard human body structure. info is gifted in unmarried web page devices to exhibit the necessities of a subject matter. complicated tactics are defined through memorable diagrams, making this ebook very good for either studying and examination coaching.
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Extra resources for Illustrated Physiology, 6e
G. wheat germ, seed oils. cor puscle, DNA and RN A formation . Is an ANIMAL: Stored in liver, adipose tissue and antioxidant. Helps muscle. Small amounts no rmal structure and fun ction of nervous in meat and dairy system and wound products. he aling. / 'I -,'. , l --- i - ~ ~~ ' . ) -- -- Slow and faulty development of bones and teeth. RICKETS in children. , - OSTEOMALACIA in ADULTS. Bones become soft and deformed. Causes muscle dystrophy in monkeys and sterility in rats. May cause abnorma lities of mitochondria, Iysosomes and plasma membrane.
G. parsley, peas, green peppers. g. lemons, oranges, limes grapefruits. Tomatoes, rosehips, blackcurrants, red peppers, turnips and potatoes. ANIMAL: Stored in body - high concentration in adrenal glands. Found in meat, liver. Secreted in milk. SCURVY Intercellular cement breaks down. g. gums swell and bleed easily. Wounds heal slowly. - -- --- +- 8 12 (CYANOCOBALAMINE) ----C (ASCORBIC ACID) - +- - -- ------ - -- -- ----- Coenzyme involved in forming a constituent of collagen. Essential for formation and maintenance of intercellular cement and connective tissue.
Source of energy ingested. digested and absorbed) " Cardio-vascular ," '\ 5. Nutrition (movement) \ S" \ 8. Contractility Central nervous ... ,- Locomotor (skeletal tissues: muscles) The systems do not work independently. The body works as a whole. Health and wellbeing depend on the coordinated effort of every part. 27 INTRODUCTION : ATOMS. ELEMENTS. CELLS. TISSUES AND SYSTE MS 28 CHAPTER 2 NUTRITION AND METABOLISM: THE SOURCES, RELEASE AND USES OF ENERGY Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids 1 - DNA Nucleic Acids 2 - RNA and Mixed Organic Molecules Source of Energy: Photosynthesis Carbon 'Cycle' in Nature Nitrogen 'Cycle' in Nature Nutrition Energy-Giving Foods Body-Building Foods Vitamins - 1 Vitamins - 2 Vitamins - 3 Digestion Protein Metabolism Carbohydrate Metabolism Fat Metabolism Energy from Food Formation of ATP Heat Balance Maintenance of Body Temperature Growth Energy Requirements - Male Energy Requirements - Female Balanced Diet 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51,52 53,54 55 56 57 NUTRITION AND METABOLISM THE SOURCES , RELEASE AND USE OF ENERGY CARBOHYDRATES • Carbohydrates consist of atoms of C, H and O.