Key Concepts in Eastern Philosophy (Key Concepts Series) by Oliver Leaman

By Oliver Leaman

This helpful survey covers the entire major phrases and ideas utilized in jap philosophy. It essentially defines the basic philosophical rules associated with the traditions of Persia, the Islamic global, Japan, India, China and Tibet, and discusses the main rules of Zoroastrianism, Sufism, Confucianism, Taoism, Hinduism, Shintoism, Buddhism, and past. each one access encompasses a full of life and authoritative severe research of the time period or thought coated.
This publication is a uniquely important resource for someone drawn to coming to grips with the japanese philosophical international.

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Conscious states seem to be rather different from physical states, and since we cannot observe the connection between them, h o w can we be sure that when the body dies, the soul dies also? A more popular view in Indian thought is that we are part of a constant cycle of birth and rebirth, until the final liberation through e n l i g h t e n m e n t . T h e fate of souls after death is determined by their behaviour during their lives, which tends to be reflected in the sort of transmigration that they can undergo.

We need to distinguish between two sorts of unreality, one where an object is mistaken for something that it is not, and this is different from the case where we take ordinary experience to be ultimate reality, which it is not when compared with the one principle of reality, brahman, itself. The individual self is not illusory in the first sense, since it is brahman appearing to us in a particular way, in the only way that would make sense to us given our physical and mental constitution. Seeing brahman in this way leads to errors about its real nature, but none the less it gives us a glimpse of that real nature.

Zoroastrian philosophy is also not explicitly ascetic, although the honourable poor individual is awarded a high religious rank. There is nothing wrong with wealth, provided that it is acquired fairly and used in appropriate ways. On the other hand, there are varieties of Zoroastrianism that ally it closely with Hinduism, and so make it more sympathetic to various ascetic strategies. There is a consistent ascetic strain in Islamic philosophy. This is often identified initially with the figure of Socrates, and was taken up by many in the Sufi movement.

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