By Eric F. Lambin, Helmut Geist, Ronald R. Rindfuss (auth.), Eric F. Lambin, Helmut Geist (eds.)
The e-book provides fresh estimates of the premiums in alterations of significant land periods akin to wooded area, cropland and pasture. one of the causative mechanisms in the back of land swap, synergetic issue mixtures are came upon to be extra universal than unmarried key issue factors. Aggregated globally, a number of affects of neighborhood land adjustments are proven to noticeably impact crucial facets of Earth procedure functioning. leading edge advancements and purposes within the fields of modeling and state of affairs development are provided. eventually, conclusions are drawn in regards to the such a lot urgent implications for the layout of applicable intervention regulations, and on new instructions and frontiers of research.
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Additional resources for Land-Use and Land-Cover Change: Local Processes and Global Impacts, 1st Edition
1997). , its urban material metabolism) were nearly 25 times larger than the total material turnover of the natural ecosystem. , its urban energy metabolism) exceeded photosynthetically fixed solar energy by 17 times (Warren-Rhodes and Koenig 2001). Time series of global maps of nighttime lights detected by satellite (Elvidge et al. 2001) illustrate the rapid changes in both urban extent and electrification of the cities and their surroundings. However, the link between these coarse scale observations and more detailed characteristics of structural changes in urban environments remains challenging (Herold et al.
3 and 4). This footprint includes, but is not restricted to, the consumption of prime 26 CHAPTER 2 · Global Land-Cover Change: Recent Progress, Remaining Challenges agricultural land in peri-urban areas for residential, infrastructure, and amenity uses, which blurs the distinction between cities and countryside, especially in western developed countries. Urban inhabitants within the Baltic Sea drainage, for example, depend on forest, agriculture, wetland, lake, and marine systems that constitute an area about 1 000 times larger than that of the urban area proper (Folke et al.
D. d. 1600, and large decreases as a result of wars and foreign conquests in the 14th and 17th centuries (Mongol and Manchu invasions, respectively). By 1800, 14 CHAPTER 2 · Global Land-Cover Change: Recent Progress, Remaining Challenges Fig. 2a. The BIOME 300 project presented two independent, global, geographically-explicit reconstructions of historical changes in agricultural land from 1700 to 1990. It also provided a global data set of potential natural vegetation however, the area under cultivation in the region was twice as large as at any time previously, and by 1853, all of the cultivable land in Guangdong province had been cleared (Marks 1998).