By Fridah Kanana Erastus
This research is an research into the comparative phonology and lexicon of six barely-known Bantu kinds spoken in Kenya. those forms (Imenti, Igoji, Tharaka, Mwimbi, Muthambi and Chuka) belong to the so-called Meru crew. The research develops a brand new class of those six dialects. for that reason, a dialectological process is used, including the research of wordlists and lists of brief words elicited within the box. From the information, isoglosses and similarities bearing on morpho-phonological procedures are drawn. the implications express within which respects the dialects fluctuate from one another. hence, the current paintings contributes to comparative Bantu linguistics.
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This learn is an research into the comparative phonology and lexicon of six barely-known Bantu types spoken in Kenya. those types (Imenti, Igoji, Tharaka, Mwimbi, Muthambi and Chuka) belong to the so-called Meru crew. The research develops a brand new category of those six dialects. as a result, a dialectological technique is used, consisting of the research of wordlists and lists of brief words elicited within the box.
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Extra info for Lexico-Phonological Comparative Analysis of Selected Dialects of the Meru-Tharaka Group (Schriften zur Afrikanistik / Research in African Studies)
For a long time, linguistics was chiefly concerned with the written texts, with the view to establish which languages of the world were related and propose laws showing the phonetic correspondences between words of those lanÂ�guages. Linguists eventually turned their attention to sources that would supÂ�pleÂ�ment textual evidence to corroborate their theories. They noted the possibility that dialect speech would preserve older and more regular forms than those of standard written forms of a language.
Given the weaknesses pointed out by Guthrie himself, the Literature Review 39 current attempt becomes relevant in that it will give more information on the classification of the linguistic groups. Guthrie’s Comparative Bantu (1967–71) is in four volumes, covering at least 200 languages from which he elicits over 2,000 lexical correspondences based on shared semantic content and phonological forms. As his comparative work centers on the 28 “Test Languages”, it often lacks details on individual lanÂ�guages.
Smaller language groups, can yield reÂ�sults which could not have been obtained through mass comparison. 2â•‡ Research Questions The study seeks to answer the following questions: • W hat are the sound systems of the selected dialects of the Meru-Tharaka group? • W hat are the morpho-phonological processes operating in the linguistic systems of the dialects in this group? • How similar are the lexical forms of these dialects? 3â•‡ Research Objectives General Objective To describe and analyse the morpho-phonological systems of the Meru-Tharaka group and to establish the degree of lexical correspondences based on an exÂ�tenÂ� sive basic vocabulary and a list of short phrases, with a view to classifying the dialects on the basis of shared properties and differences exhibited.