By Jaakko Hintikka
IF WITI'GENSTEIN may speak, may possibly WE comprehend HIM? Perusing the secondary literature on Wittgenstein, i've got often skilled an ideal Brechtean Entfremdungseffekt. this is often attention-grabbing, i've got felt like announcing while interpreting books and papers on Wittgenstein, yet who's the author speaking approximately? by no means Ludwig Wittgenstein the particular one who wrote his books and notebooks and whom I occurred to fulfill. Why is there this unusual hole among the tips of the particular thinker and the musings of his interpreters? Wittgenstein is speaking to us in the course of the posthumous booklet of his writings. Why do not philosophers comprehend what he's announcing? A partial cause is printed within the first essay of this quantity. Wittgenstein was once a long way too impatient to provide an explanation for in his books and e-book drafts what his difficulties have been, what it was once that he was once attempting to get transparent approximately. He was once even too impatient to give an explanation for in complete his previous strategies, usually in basic terms relating them casually because it have been in a shorthand notation. For one vital example, within the Brown ebook, Wittgenstein had defined in a few element what name-object relationships quantity to in his view. There he bargains either a proof of what his challenge is and an account of his personal view illustrated through particular examples of language-games. but if he increases an analogous query back in Philosophical Investigations I, sec.
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Additional info for Ludwig Wittgenstein: Half-Truths and One-and-a-Half-Truths (Jaakko Hintikka Selected Papers)
He does not say very much about it, but some of the things he says are quite striking. 0251: AN ANATOMY OF WITTGENSTEIN'S PICTURE THEORY 31 Space, time and colour (being coloured) are forms of objects. 0251. Space is a way for objects to be related to, or compared with, each other (in Wittgenstein's language, to be combined with each other into a fact), and likewise for time and color. 0121, which is to be taken somewhat more literally than one perhaps realizes: Just as we are quite unable to imagine spatial objects outside space or temporal objects outside time, so to there is no object we can imagine excluded from the possibility of combining with others?
Even if elementary propositions are the only possible stopping-points of analysis, the reality of infinitely deep logics shows that it is not only not obvious but positively wrong to claim that such an analysis will come to an end after a finite number of steps. Wittgenstein takes the analyzability of all propositions into elementary ones to entail that all the bearers of simple (unanalyzable) names have to be given as a part of the interpretation of the language in question. This assumption is undoubtedly also motivated by Wittgenstein's belief in the universality of language.
THE MIRRORING THESIS It is obvious that thesis (1) does not do the whole job Wittgenstein needed to be done. He wanted the entire role of Russellian independent logical forms to be played by the logical forms of simple objects. These logical forms spell out how objects can be combined with each other. One particular elementary proposition reflects one such combination. But this is not enough. Obviously it must be the case that the totality of all elementary propositions must reflect the totality of possible facts.