By Olli Varis, Cecilia Tortajada, Asit K. Biswas
Transboundary rivers and lakes are usually the remainder new assets of water that may be constructed for human makes use of. those water assets weren't utilized in the earlier a result of many complexities concerned. Written and edited by means of the world’s top water and felony specialists, this specified and authoritative publication analyses the magnitudes of the transboundary water difficulties in several components of the realm. It additionally examines problems and constraints confronted to solve those problems.
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Additional info for Management of Transboundary Rivers and Lakes (Water Resources Development and Management)
More importantly, while the 1997 UN Convention goes well beyond merely codifying existing principles at the basin-level, some of the core themes – universal participation, equitable use and the avoidance of significant harm – appear only sporadically in specific basin-level agreements (Conca 2006:119). In fact, the UN Convention, as an example of the culmination of decades of regime creation in the global management of international river basins, makes a stark and polarized distinction between the domestic sphere of water resource management, which is the sole domain of state governance, and the international sphere between co-riparian states, which is the sole domain of inter-state agreements or regimes (Conca 2006:120).
As the 21st century progresses, it is becoming evident that, like oil some two decades ago, the era when water could be considered to be a cheap and plentiful resource is now virtually over. Increasing water demands, limited availability of this resource and higher levels of contamination mean that the water management 18 Asit K. Biswas profession will face a problem, the magnitude and complexity of which no earlier generation has had to face. Countries now really have two fundamental choices in terms of managing their transboundary water resources in the future: carry on as before with only incremental changes and a ‘business as usual’ attitude and thus endow their future generations with a legacy of mostly inefficient water management practices, including potential serious conflicts on transboundary water bodies; or to continue in earnest in an accelerated effort to plan, manage and use their transboundary watercourses collaboratively, constructively and fairly.
The new Convention can at best be of only limited help in such cases. Finally, ratification of the Convention is an important requirement. The Convention can enter into force on the ‘ninetieth day following the date of deposit of the thirty-fifth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with the Secretary–General of the United Nations’. The Convention was kept open for signature until 20 May 2000. During this 3-year period, only four countries ratified it (see Annex I). Legally, even though this deadline is long past, countries can still ratify this Convention.