Microwave Heating as a Tool for Sustainable Chemistry by Nicholas E. Leadbeater

By Nicholas E. Leadbeater

Shorter response occasions, better product yields, and superior selectivity are a few of the benefits microwave heating has over traditional tools, inflicting its use to transition from a interest to mainstream, either in business and educational settings. Microwave Heating as a device for Sustainable Chemistry showcases the appliance of microwave heating in a couple of parts of preparative chemistry in addition to within the biosciences.

From natural chemistry to fabrics and organic applications

The publication starts with an advent to microwave heating, the actual thoughts at the back of it, its program in artificial chemistry, and commercially on hand microwave apparatus. It indicates how microwave heating can be utilized to facilitate the fresh and sustainable synthesis of natural compounds. The authors learn microwave heating as a device for sustainable polymer chemistry, with discussions of using replacement solvents and feedstocks, the layout of degradable polymeric fabrics, and recycling polymers. They then talk about the numerous contribution made by way of microwave-promoted synthesis within the drug discovery approach, with a spotlight on how the expertise has been used to generate discovery chemistry libraries and as a device for medicinal chemists. different issues tested during this application-driven textual content comprise using microwave heating within the instruction of inorganic and organometallic compounds, within the creation of inorganic fabrics, and within the zone of biosciences.

Academic and business settings

The booklet examines the scale-up of microwave-promoted chemistry and describes a number of the techniques and the present commercially to be had microwave reactors to be had for scale-up. It additionally discusses microwave heating as a device for educating within the undergraduate natural chemistry laboratory. It explores curriculum, the huge diversity of reactions that may be played, and the incorporation of eco-friendly chemistry ideas.

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Extra info for Microwave Heating as a Tool for Sustainable Chemistry (Sustainability: Contributions through Science and Technology)

Example text

Soc. 2008, 130, 8916–8922. 16. ; Davidov, D. Synth. Met. 2005, 155, 422–425. 17. Young, D. ; Kelly, R. ; Deiters, A. J. Am. Chem. , 2008, 130, 10048–10049. 18. Leadbeater, N. ; Stencel, L. ; Wood, E. C. Org. Biomol. Chem. 2007, 5, 1052–1055. 19. ; Loupy, A. ; Loupy, A. ; Wiley-VCH: Weinheim, 2006, Ch 4, pp 134–218. ; Moreno, A. Chem. Soc. Rev. 2005, 34, 164–178. 20. ; Gum, A. Chem. Eng. Technol. 2005, 28, 871–881. 21. ; Kappe, C. O, Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 114–121. (b) Herrero, M. ; Kremsner, J.

Aust. J. Chem. 2009, 62, 3–15. ; Varma, R. S. Chem. Soc. Rev. 2008, 37, 1546–1557. ; Kappe, C. O. Chem. Rev. 2007, 107, 2563–2591. 34. Values for organic solvents obtained from: Anslyn, E. ; Dougherty, D. A. Modern Physical Organic Chemistry; University Science Books: Sausalito, CA, 2006. 35. That said, bio-based ethanol and ethyl acetate represent a minute fraction of the volume used. The majority of ethanol utilized in the lab has been synthesized from the hydrolysis of ethylene, which has been distilled from crude oil.

Chem. 2008, 73, 6321–6329. 23. ; Kappe, C. O. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2009, 48, 8321–8324. 24. Leadbeater, N. ; Pillsbury, S. ; Williams, V. A. Tetrahedron 2005, 61, 3565–3585. 25. ; Kappe, C. O. J. Org. Chem. 2007, 72, 1417–1424. 26. Schmink, J. ; Leadbeater, N. E. Org. Biomol. Chem. 2009, 7, 3842–3846. 27. A number of relevant books reviewing microwave assisted organic synthesis have been published, including: (a) Loupy, A. ; Wiley-VCH: Weinheim, 2006. (b) Kappe, C. ; Stadler, A. Microwaves in Organic and Medicinal Chemistry; Wiley-VCH: Weinheim, 2005.

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