By Margaret Byron
This booklet offers a comparative viewpoint on post-war Caribbean migration to Britain and France. either migrations have been responses to the hyperlink among former colonies and colonial powers. although, the events of work happened inside individually and another way evolving political contexts, affecting the migration results. this present day, Caribbean groups in Europe reveal complicated gains of continuity and alter. Condon and Byron research tendencies in migration styles, loved ones and kin constructions, social fields, employment and housing trajectories intimately. This systematic comparability with its leading edge specialize in gender and life-course, is a wonderful addition to the prevailing literature at the Caribbean diaspora.
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Extra resources for Migration in Comparative Perspective: Caribbean Communities in Britain and France (Routledge Research in Population and Migration)
2). The comparison of the British and French contexts likewise contains these essential ingredients. The choice of places, societal systems, or geographical phenomena to be compared is based, first, upon the identification of social or spatial units sharing similar political histories, economic systems, and social and demographic characteristics. Second, the observation of one or more striking contrasts between these apparently similar units leads us to seek explanation of these differences. Thus the choice of these two centralised Western European nation states, former colonial powers, with similar population sizes and patterns of postwar migration, yet displaying a number of important differences, for example in relation to family policy and women’s employment Introduction 17 (Hantrais, 1989; Daune-Richard, 1998; Gregory, 2000), remains particularly relevant.
2a Caribbean-Born Population Recorded in England and Wales, Census 1951–2001 Census Year Women Men Total 1951 6,290 9,011 15,301 1961 75,992 95,804 171,796 1971 151,825 152,245 304,070 1981 150,755 144,424 295,179 1991 139,010 125,581 264,591 2001 137,637 115,539 253,176 Sources: OPCS Census of Great Britain 1951–1991, Country of Birth Tables; ONS, Census 2001, Ethnicity and Country of Birth Tables. 2b Caribbean-Born Population in France, 1954–1999 Born in Guadeloupe or Martinique Census Year Women Men 1954 * * Total 15, 620 1962 16,000 22,000 37, 591** 1968 28,556 32,604 61, 160 1975 57,185 58,280 115, 465 1982 93,256 89,472 182, 728 1990 109,132 102,418 211, 550 1999 108,607 102,533 211, 140 Source: Insee, publications of census results from the populations born in the DOM-TOM: 1970, 1978, 1985, 1993 (Marie, 1993) and, for the 1999 figure, Marie and Rallu (2004) and specific analysis by S.
Our study will focus on the point in this migration history at which Britain became the major destination for British Caribbean migrants and the finite period over which this migration took place. The organised migration flow from the mid-1950s to France expanded on more ‘spontaneous’ movements over the previous half-century to other parts of the Caribbean and Latin America including French Guyana and Panama (Domenach and Picouet, 1992, Newton, 1984). This new flow, taking place within the contexts both of ‘post-colonisation’ and of labour immigration to Europe, had deep consequences for the individuals and societies concerned.