Musculoskeletal Function: An Anatomy and Kinesiology by Dortha Esch Esch, Marvin Lepley Lepley

By Dortha Esch Esch, Marvin Lepley Lepley

Publication through Esch Esch, Dortha

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ERECTOR SPINAE GROUP, CERVICIS AND CAPITIS DIVISIONS O: Lower cervical, upper thoracic vertebrae transverse processes, and spinous processes and upper ribs. I: Upper cervical vertebrae and occipital bone. N: Spinal nerves, dorsal branches. Accessory Muscles: TRANSVERSOSPINALIS MUSCLE GROUP (Neck rotation) LEVATOR SCAPULAE 47 Neck Rotation Rotation to the Right LEFT STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID (Neck flexion) O: Superior border of the sternum and medial part of the clavicle. I: Mastoid process. N: Spinal accessory and C% and C3.

The arm should be resting on the table next to the head. Skeletal Landmarks: Lower eight thoracic vertebrae and medial part of scapular spine. Motion: Scapular adduction and depression. Ask your subject to lift his arm off the table, which will require the lower trapezius to stabilize the scapula by pulling it down and in. Resistance: No manual resistance is necessary. Palpate this triangular portion of the muscle between the scapular spine and the vertebrae and along the lower thoracic vertebrae.

Such study requires knowledge of the anatomy of the skeletal and neuromuscular systems, consideration of the mechanical factors which affect motion, and analysis of the ways in which muscles act together to provide coordinated movement. This section of the manual was designed to guide your analysis of each of the motions possible at each of the joints of the human body. Although the movements which we use in everyday life are complex, combinations of motion usually involving several joints, their study requires precise definition with an axis for motion designated.

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