By Michele M. Betsill, Elisabeth Corell, Visit Amazon's Felix Dodds Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Felix Dodds,
Over the previous thirty years nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) have performed an more and more influential function in foreign negotiations, relatively on environmental matters. NGO international relations has turn into, within the phrases of 1 organizer, an "international scan in democratizing intergovernmental selection making." yet there was little try to make certain the stipulations less than which NGOs make a distinction in both the method or the result of foreign negotiations. This e-book offers an analytic framework for the systematic and comparative examine of NGO international relations in foreign environmental negotiations. Chapters by way of specialists on overseas environmental coverage follow this framework to evaluate the impact of NGO international relations on particular negotiations on environmental and sustainability matters. The proposed analytical framework bargains researchers the instruments with which to evaluate no matter if and the way NGO diplomats impact negotiation procedures, results, or either, and during comparative research the publication identifies components that specify version in NGO impact, together with coordination of procedure, measure of entry, institutional overlap, and alliances with key states. The empirical chapters use the framework to guage the measure of NGO effect at the first part of the Kyoto Protocol negotiations on worldwide weather swap, the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, the United countries conference to wrestle Desertification, negotiations in the foreign Whaling fee that led to new administration methods and a ban on advertisement whaling, and foreign negotiations on forests regarding the United international locations, the foreign Tropical trees association, and the area alternate Organization.
ContributorsSteinar Andresen, Michele M. Betsill, Stanley W. Burgiel, Elisabeth Corell, David Humphreys, Tora Skodvin.
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Additional info for NGO Diplomacy: The Influence of Nongovernmental Organizations in International Environmental Negotiations (MIT Press)
Our aim is to give scholars the opportunity to highlight the unique aspects of each case while also providing a foundation for drawing more general lessons across cases. As a compromise we have chosen the method of structured, focused comparison for our cross-case analysis (George and Bennett 2005). We do not want to sacriﬁce the rich details that come forth in qualitative case studies. At the same time we have attempted to identify a set of general questions related to our research objectives that can be asked of each case study (structure), and we asked our contributors to focus on particular aspects of their cases (focus).
Ideally, to control for potential bias, researchers should interview several different types of participants, including NGO diplomats, national delegates, and other observers who participated in the negotiations. As a rule, NGOs can be expected to overstate their inﬂuence on negotiations, and delegates can be expected to understate NGO inﬂuence (Arts 1998). , UN agency staff) can therefore function as a control group. Finally, several of our contributors relied on evidence obtained by participating in and/or observing international environmental negotiations.
Collectively this tells us a great deal about how NGO diplomats participate in international environmental negotiations. However, it is important to remember that participation does not automatically translate into inﬂuence; thus overemphasizing data on what NGOs do gives us an incomplete picture. To get a more accurate measure of NGO inﬂuence, researchers must also consider whether their efforts to shape multilateral negotiations are successful. 3 Our deﬁnition of inﬂuence highlights two dimensions of NGO inﬂuence in international environmental negotiations: (1) how NGO diplomats communicate with other actors during a negotiating process, and (2) alterations in the behavior of those actors in response to that commu- Analytical Framework 27 nication.