Non-University Higher Education in Europe (Higher Education by James S. Taylor, José Brites Ferreira, Maria de Lourdes

By James S. Taylor, José Brites Ferreira, Maria de Lourdes Machado, Rui Santiago

This present day, a considerable component of better schooling is equipped outdoors of the normal universities in non-university associations with a large number of various features. In contemporary a long time, greater schooling structures were subjected to many adjustments and reforms in the course of the global. essentially the most vital used to be unquestionably the growth of upper schooling within the moment half the final century from an elite approach to at least one for the loads. whereas associations of upper studying were in life for about 1,000 years, this exponential development has been even more contemporary. This move towards mass better schooling has created mammoth nationwide affects at the improvement of the platforms of upper schooling. whereas universal denominators of swap and edition will be pointed out globally, there stay vital transformations from state to nation. there are numerous elements hard larger schooling this day and within the foreseeable destiny. in a single shape or one other, those matters and traits may be noticeable in better schooling platforms in the course of the international. They comprise continual underfunding, marketisation and pageant, substitute services, massification, internationalisation, governance, management, strategic administration, responsibility, accreditation, and social relevance. one other key issue for lots of international locations, in particular in Europe, and the point of interest of this ebook, is the present and destiny prestige of the better schooling structures that differentiate the college and non-university sectors.

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Accreditation decisions of the Fachhochschule Council need approval of the Minister but may be rejected only for contradicting national educational interests. Although the core mandate of the Council is quality assurance, it has tasks and responsibilities that render it a most influential governing agency both with regard to the individual 17 BMVIT, BMBWK, Fachhochschulförderungsprogramm FH-plus (funds in 2004 8 cooperative projects and 12 projects to establish R&D structures). 18 BGBl I 110/2003.

In the meantime R&D has become an accepted and publicly-subsidized activity of the Fachhochschule institutions.

James S. Taylor et al. V. 2008 15 16 2 E. Hackl Structure of the Higher Education Sector The following figure (Fig. 1) taken from the Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture gives an overview of the structure of the Austrian education system and shows the position of the non-university sector within the system. 1 Description of the Austrian Higher Education System Until the mid-1990s, higher education was equated with university education. Austrian universities were exclusively federal institutions and administered by detailed legal regulations.

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