Ocean Resources: Volume I: Assessment and Utilisation by John Pinna Craven (auth.), Dennis A. Ardus, Michael A. Champ

By John Pinna Craven (auth.), Dennis A. Ardus, Michael A. Champ (eds.)

Today western countries devour each year just a small percent in their assets from the ocean, regardless of the proclamation of particular fiscal Zones (EEZ) through many. against this, so much Pacific Basin nations receive greater than 1 / 4 in their annual wishes from the sea. decision of higher rewards from the improvement of marine assets is markedly inhibited via the restricted technical talents on hand to find and investigate them. wisdom of particular financial area assets is schematic and generalised, and a close knowing of the geology and methods with regards to the commercial use of the seafloor is either fragmentary and extremely easy. know-how for mapping the mineral assets of continental cabinets and ocean components, other than in energetic offshore hydrocarbon provinces, has been principally constructed in pursuit of medical pursuits and competence to swiftly appraise fiscal capability is proscribed. equally, the aptitude to characterise and evaluation the opposite assets of the seas is rudimentary. the advance of ocean assets turns into more and more pressing because the development of the realm inhabitants and the depletion of land reserves mix to reinforce call for. additionally, expanding environmental constraints will restrict the provision of conventional land-based assets; however, new offshore improvement needs to continue in a way wherein the marine setting isn't plundered yet secure and conserved. The problem to advance ocean assets with accountable environmental stewardship would require higher management than the improvement of the applied sciences of exploitation.

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Further, because the ridge is above the carbonate compensation dilution of the deposits is likely. There do not appear to be any sea-mounts in the area, consequently only the flanks of Ascension could have cobalt crusts. Because of detritus shed from the island, economically workable crusts are unlikely to have formed. Again a total area of more than 125,000 nm 2 could be claimed as an EEZ. Tristan da Cunha Latitude 37°05'8, Longitude 12°17'W (Fig. 9) Population (1982): 325 Figure 9. Tristan da Canha and associated islands.

A small fishing industry is located in the British Virgin Islands, mainly for fish, of several species, and crustacea. This could be expanded with more investment. Tourism, too, is important in these islands and sport fishing is already important. So far as non-living resources are concerned, like Anguilla there are prospects for manganese nodules in the Nares abyssal plain and metalliferous seeps on the slope of the Puerto Rico trench. Of further interest, there could be placer deposits since in the past copper, associated with molybdenum, has been worked on Virgin Gorda from an intrusive complex.

The Cayman ridge and trough are the site of leftlateral movements at a plate margin: in such a circumstance polymetallic sulphides from hydrothermal mineralisation become targets for future exploration. Turks and Caicos Island Approximately between Latitude 21° and 22°N and Longitude 71° and 72°30'W (Fig. 6) Population (1980): 7,500 720W nautical miles ..... CAICOS ABYSSAL PLAIN 20'" 72"W Figure 6. Turks and Caicos Islands These islands are located on the Caicos Ridge at the south-eastern end of the Great Bahaman Bank and consist of the four main Caicos Islands Providinciales, North, Middle and East Caicos and the two smaller islands of West and South Caicos, strung from northwest to southeast and the much smaller Turks Islands lying to the south east of the Turks 33 CH~R3 Island Passage.

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