Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies by Petr Kopecky, The late Peter Mair, Maria Spirova

By Petr Kopecky, The late Peter Mair, Maria Spirova

Party Patronage and celebration executive in ecu Democracies brings jointly insights from the worlds of get together politics and public management with a purpose to research the function of political events in public appointments throughout modern Europe. in line with an intensive new info accrued via specialist interviews in fifteen eu international locations, this e-book bargains the 1st systematic comparative review of the dimensions of social gathering patronage and its position in maintaining sleek social gathering governments. one of the key findings are: First, patronage appointments are usually more and more ruled by means of the celebration in public place of work instead of getting used or managed via the celebration association open air parliament. moment, instead of utilizing appointments as rewards, as was the case in additional clientelistic structures long ago, events are actually likely to emphasize appointments that may support them to regulate the infrastructure of presidency and the nation. during this approach patronage turns into an organizational instead of an electoral source. 3rd, patronage appointments are more and more sourced from channels outdoor of the social gathering, hence supporting to make events glance more and more like community agencies, basically constituted through their leaders and their own and political hinterlands.

Comparative Politics is a chain for college students, lecturers, and researchers of political technological know-how that bargains with modern executive and politics. worldwide in scope, books within the sequence are characterized by means of a tension on comparative research and robust methodological rigour. The sequence is released in organization with the ecu Consortium for Political examine. for additional information stopover at:

The Comparative Politics sequence is edited through Professor David M. Farrell, college of Politics and diplomacy, college collage Dublin, Kenneth Carty, Professor of Political technology, college of British Columbia, and Professor Dirk Berg-Schlosser, Institute of Political technological know-how, Philipps collage, Marburg.

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3 These purely quantitative measures are relatively accessible and can be utilized easily in different contexts. They are also excellent for comparative purposes, be that temporal or cross-national analysis. The most obvious problem that studies using this approach share is that the proxies might not reflect the extent and nature of patronage practices, as they measure different aspects of the rate of employment in the state administration. They focus on how many people are employed, a figure that might be influenced by more than just the ability and likelihood of parties to make appointments.

A similar approach has been used by Li and Walder (2001) in their study of patronage in China, and by Pappas (2009b) in his investigation of the nature and mechanics of party patronage in Greece. This method of estimating the extent of patronage clearly gets to the heart of the issue by asking the respondents if their party affiliation was in any way connected to getting the jobs they have. However, the approach might also produce biased estimates of how big the phenomenon is, as it includes only a small fraction of the potential recipients of patronage appointments.

The nine provinces employ slightly more than half of all government employees, and the remaining 16 per cent work at the local level. These figures underline the fact that the provinces are important actors in administrative terms. Although they have little legislative power, the provincial administrations are in charge of implementing federal legislation in many areas, in particular with regard to schools and health care. People working in the government sector are employed on two types of contracts.

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