By Leo Hickey
Politeness as practised throughout 22 eu societies, firmly set inside severe debates built because the Eighties, is the following offered in methods relating to concrete events within which language-users engage with each other to accomplish their objectives. components lined comprise varieties of politeness, different types of handle, negotiation and ''small-talk'' in a number of contexts.
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In Example 1, there is the small change episode. 70F but rather a 200 franc note. She also offers, on the off chance (heu), an approximate amount, which she knows is unlikely to satisfy B (vingt centimes c’est tout ce que j’ai (twenty centimes is all I’ve got)); an offer which B refuses. Given that the refusal is a ‘dispreferred choice’ (being an FTA), it needs to be softened (heu, merci, smile). As for C, she has to face up to the failure of her attempt at being helpful to B. In turn, she needs to soften this ‘offence’ via an apology (excusez-moi), to which, as expected, B reacts by minimizing the affront (oh mais c’est rien je vais me débrouiller [oh never mind I’ll manage]).
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