Principles of emergency planning and management by David Alexander

By David Alexander

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The compiler must then make a judgement about the relative importance of each hazard and assign a weight to the values in each matrix. 5. The weighted matrices are added to each other cell by cell and the 27 6. g. for flooding 1. g. for landslides cell {3,9} 4 4 aerial photographs 40% cover = 4 base maps 2. Define network 7. g. 1 hectare cells 5. g. hazardousness of each location floods = 10 landslides = 9 storm = 4 eruption = 1 explosion = 0 cell {3,9}: floods 7 eruption 10 landslides 4 storms 0 Total 21 8.

It may include maps of the likelihood of given physical consequences, such as landslides, floods or lava flows, and this may be expressed in percentage terms, per unit of time. Alternatively, it may be appropriate to select the characteristics of the physical hazard that are most significant to its disaster potential and map that. Examples include seismic acceleration of the ground, density of volcanic vents, presence of unstable rock types and steep slopes, and low-lying floodable land. However, emergency planning needs to be based on the concept of the “hazardousness of place”, the collection of hazards that threatens each location in the area.

Secondly, brick and concrete-panel cladding has fallen off the façade of a department store and is blocking the town’s main street with rubble. Again, there may be victims underneath. Thirdly, a steel-frame warehouse in the town’s industrial area appears to have collapsed (it was in use at the time of the tremors) and an apartment complex occupied by retired people has suffered partial collapse. Fires have broken out at three locations around town where gas mains have ruptured and escaping gas has ignited.

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