By Abhijit Basu
Old India - the place Vishvaamitra via Vedic austerities and Yaajnavalkya via Vedantic perception, explored the hovering degrees of human recognition; the place Valmiki and Kalidasa created elegant poetry; the place Rama and Yudhishthira governed with a good looking composite of knowledge, welfare and justice because the stuff in their royal sceptres; and the place Lord Krishna spoke the wondrously common philosophy of the Bhagavad Gita - theses gemstones from the treasures of India's religious and literary historical past, shape the subjects that hyperlink this quantity of recent essays.
While those tales were instructed and retold, interpreted and re-interpreted via millennia, this fluent and relaxing narrative, offers a trip of exploration and research to discover new meanings within the old phrases - taking a look at them in the course of the prism of a latest, liberal and humanistic world-view.
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Writer notice: Translated via Lyne Bansat-Boudon and Kamalesha Datta Tripathi
Publish 12 months be aware: First released February 1st 2013
The Paramārthasāra, or ‘Essence of final Reality’, is a piece of the Kashmirian polymath Abhinavagupta (tenth–eleventh centuries). it's a short treatise during which the writer outlines the doctrine of which he's a awesome exponent, particularly nondualistic Śaivism, which he designates in his works because the Trika, or ‘Triad’ of 3 ideas: Śiva, Śakti and the embodied soul (nara).
The major curiosity of the Paramārthasāra isn't just that it serves as an creation to the tested doctrine of a convention, but additionally advances the inspiration of jiv̄anmukti, ‘liberation during this life’, as its middle subject matter. additional, it doesn't confine itself to an exposition of the doctrine as such yet now and then tricks at a moment experience mendacity underneath the glaring experience, specifically esoteric thoughts and practices which are on the middle of the philosophical discourse. Its commentator, Yogarāja (eleventh century), excels in detecting and clarifying these quite a few degrees of that means. An advent to Tantric Philosophy offers, in addition to a significantly revised Sanskrit textual content, the 1st annotated English translation of either Abhinavagupta’s Paramārthasāra and Yogarāja’s commentary.
This booklet could be of curiosity to Indologists, in addition to to experts and scholars of faith, Tantric experiences and Philosophy.
Quite a few an important and nonetheless such a lot proper rules approximately nothingness or vacancy have received profound philosophical prominence within the heritage and improvement of a few South and East Asian traditions—including in Buddhism, Daoism, Neo-Confucianism, Hinduism, Korean philosophy, and the japanese Kyoto college.
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This booklet explores the increase of the good Goddess by way of concentrating on the improvement of saakti (creative energy), maya (objective illusion), and prakr(materiality) from Vedic occasions to the past due Puranic interval, clarifying how those ideas turned principal to her theology. "I like greatly the best way Pintchman conscientiously establishes the interrelationships among saakti, maya, and prakrti techniques that will now not initially seem to be heavily attached.
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Additional resources for Prophets, Poets & Philosopher-Kings
326. 30, 34 where everything ultimately dissolves first into prakrti and then into purusa. Elsewhere the distinction between the two phases of dissolution collapses, and the waters take the place of undifferentiated Brahman. In 12. 329. 3,35 for example: At the time of dissolution at the end of four thousand yugas, when all creatures, mobile and immobile, disappear into the unmanifest [prakrti], when light, earth, and wind disappear, when there is intense darkness, when the world is nothing but an expanse of water, when (the world) is overcome with darkness (tamas), when the one possessing consciousness (samjñaka) stands without second, when it is neither day nor night, when there is neither existence (sat) nor nonexistence (asat), when neither manifest (vyakta) nor unmanifest (avyakta) exists, at the time of that state .
We will turn first to those pre-Samkhya texts and passages that relate directly to the Samkhya-Karika's later formulation of prakrti as a principle of materiality, focusing particularly on lines of continuity between the Vedic materials that we have looked at and page_64 Page 65 later materials. We will then turn to look at the Samkhya-Karika itself. As we shall see, in fact, there is much more narrative and structural similarity between some of the Vedic and epic materials and aspects of prakrti in later philosophical materials than one might suspect.
3-5,28 earth is described in relation to the four other gross elements of proto-Samkhya descriptionwater, wind, fire, and spaceand their qualities, sound, touch, form, taste, and smell, five of the secondary modifications of prakrti: O great king (Dhrtarastra), all things present in the world have been said by the wise to be equal to the five page_74 Page 75 elementsearth (bhumi), water (ap), wind (vayu), fire (agni), and space (akasa)on account of accumulation. (That is, ) they all possess the qualities of the superior (element).