Pyrolysis Oils from Biomass: Producing, Analyzing, and by Ed J. Soltes, Thomas A. Milne

By Ed J. Soltes, Thomas A. Milne

Brings jointly experts to give the state-of-the-science within the entire gas cycle--from feedstock to upgraded liquid fuels compatible for replacements for petroleum-derived fuels. deals a dialogue of biomass pyrolysis and its position within the renewable gasoline economic system. offers the expertise of pyrolysis oil construction. Describes research of the oils via characterization, kinetics, and chromatographic innovations. Concludes with a dialogue of upgrading pyrolysis oils to liquid fuels.

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Additional resources for Pyrolysis Oils from Biomass: Producing, Analyzing, and Upgrading (ACS Symposium Series)

Example text

Eng. J. 1949, 160, 233-251. Diebold, J . ; "Entrained-Flow, Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass. Annual Report. 1, December 1982 - 30, September 1983", 1984, Solar Energy Research Institute, Golden, CO, SERI/PR-234-2144 Diebold, J . ; Scahill, J . W. In Proceedings of the 13th Biomass Thermocontractor's Meeting, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA, 1981, CONF-8110115. PNL-SA-10093; p. 332. Diebold, J . ; Scahill, J . W. Proceedings of the 15th Βiomass Thermocontractor's Meeting, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA, 1983, CONF-830323, PNL-SA-11306, p.

4 χ 1 0 ~ W/m (2 c a l / c m - s ) , b a r e l y chars t h i c k samples ( o r causes s m o l d e r i n g combustion i f oxygen i s p r e s e n t ) . 5 χ 1 0 ~ W/m (6 c a l / c m - s ) , i s t y p i c a l i n f u r n a c e s o r h i g h t e m p e r a t u r e r e a c t o r s d e s i g n e d f o r maximum h e a t i n g of p a r t i c l e s . Biomass m o i s t u r e v a r i e s w i t h s p e c i e s and age as w e l l as w i t h growing r e g i o n . T y p i c a l moisture contents (dry b a s i s ) found f o r f e e d p i l e s i n t h e P a c i f i c Northwest range f r o m 10% t o 110%, hence the c h o i c e s i n our experiments (11).

Trend l i n e s i n subsequent f i g u r e s are p l o t s of Equation 1 f o r p a r t i c u l a r values of the other variables. 5. KELBON ETAK Tar Production from Pyrolysis of Wood Particles 45 R e s u l t s and D i s c u s s i o n The range of i n t r a p a r t i c l e temperatures measured f o r the p y r o l y s i s conditions studied are shown i n Figures 1-3. The temperatures achieved are consistent with those found i n other studies f o r both small (17-19) and large (20) wood p a r t i c l e s .

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