By Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
Those workshop proceedings highlight the major volume of labor entire over the last decade in providing obvious, proportionate rules for geological disposal, and identify important alterations among nationwide rules whether those should not in contradiction with foreign guidance. They additionally underline the significance of R&D performed on behalf of the regulator. as well as the contributed papers, those complaints hint the varied discussions that shaped a vital part of the workshop. They represent a major and particular documentary foundation for researchers and radioactive waste administration specialists. Themes addressed comprise tasks to destiny generations, timescales for rules, stepwise choice making, roles of optimisation and top to be had strategies (BAT), a number of strains of reasoning, safeguard and function signs, acceptance of uncertainties and the significance of stakeholder interactions.
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It improves the regulator’s necessary competence to review the safety case allowing it to rely on the scientific community. It provides the regulator’s independence, allowing a different view on the safety case from the implementer’s view. By bringing to the fore the scientific and technical ability of the regulator, R&D work by the regulator provides additional confidence to the stakeholders in the credibility of the regulator. , to fill scientific gaps. The question whether or not it is the duty of the regulator to carry out such complementary work is the subject of controversial discussions.
The session at this workshop was intended to prepare the ground for a wider-ranging discussion on the role of regulatory research within the RF. Hans Wanner, Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI) made a presentation on the “Needs of Research for Regulatory Purposes”. H. Wanner presented a general overview of regulatory research at the international level based on a preliminary input from international colleagues and observed that the question of active involvement of nuclear regulatory and supervisory bodies in R&D projects has become a topic of increasing interest in recent years even if the way in which research is included in regulatory activities varies from country to country.
These scenarios should be site specific and based on current practices, taking into account the proximity to resources of potential interest for future generations. There was a broad consensus that the results of stylised analyses of human intrusion scenarios can contribute to the demonstration of the repository system’s robustness in a safety case. There were diverging opinions on the question of whether drilling into the plume release of the repository should be regarded as human intrusion or if human intrusion scenarios should be restricted to direct intrusion into the repository/radioactive waste.