By Dwight D Eisenhower; Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters
Read Online or Download Report by the supreme commander to the Combined chiefs of staff on the operations in Europe of the Allied expeditionary force, 6 June 1944 to 8 May 1945 PDF
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Additional info for Report by the supreme commander to the Combined chiefs of staff on the operations in Europe of the Allied expeditionary force, 6 June 1944 to 8 May 1945
One result of this absence of opposition was that our own fighter-bombers were able to operate in small units of one or two squadron s, thus permitting their all-important harassing attacks to be more conti nuously maintain ed and their acti vities to cover a wider fiel d. Not until two da ys after th e initial landings did the enem y reinforce his air strength over the invasion zone to any appreciable extent. As the night bombers were fini shing their work in the earl y hours of 6 June, the All ied sea armada drew in toward the coast of France.
With the planning and preparatory period completed, it now became necessary to make the supreme decision for which I was responsible-the designation of the exact day for the assault against the continent of Europe. THE ASSAULT june 1944 saw the highest winds and roughest seas experienced in the English Channel in june for 20 years. From 1 June onward, my commanders and I met daily to correlate our last-minute preparations and to receive the weather forecasts upon which we had to base our final decision as to the date of launching the assault.
The men who manned the static beach defenses were found to be a very mixed bag. A large proportion of them were Russians and other non-Germans, but with a Teutonic stiffening, and under German officers. Of the German troops, many companies were found to be composed of men either under 20 or over 45 years of age, and a large proportion were of low medical categories. Their morale was not of the best: the lavishness of the defenses and the concrete protection to their underground living quarters had produced a "Maginot Line complex," and, having gone below when the bombmg began, they were not prepared for so prompt a 22 landing when the bombs stopped falling.