By Roger Bartlett, Janet M Hartley
Within the 18th century, Peter the Great's newly-created Russian Empire consolidated its place as one of many eu nice Powers, and have become a part of the group of eu inspiration and tradition. This selection of essays honouring Isabel de Madariaga's individual contribution to the learn of Russia within the interval examines very important features either one of the interior improvement of Russia within the age of the Enlightenment and of the connection with the remainder of Europe. issues comprise diplomacy, criminal idea, public philanthropy, the peasant query, advancements in language and in social proposal, the function of the author and that of the favourites, the remedy of the schismatic Olfi trust. the amount is largely conceived, to give the broader photo in addition to embodying unique study.
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Additional info for Russia in the Age of the Enlightenment: Essays for Isabel de Madariaga
29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. Russia as a European Great Power Army and Society in Russia 1462-1874 (Oxford, 1985) chapters 6--8 passim. 235. Walter M. Pintner, 'Russia's Military Style, Russian Society and Russian Power in the Eighteenth Century', in A. G. 265. Quoted in Duffy, Russia's Military Way, p. 74; cf. ), Die politischen Testamente der Hohenzollern (Cologne and Vienna, 1986) pp. 334, 344, 348, 394 and 446. Quoted in Duffy, Russia's Military Way, p. 622. Quoted in Soloviev, History of Russia, vol.
153-7. ) See also Derek Beales, Joseph 11, vol. I, In the Shadow of Maria Theresa (Cambridge, 1987) pp. 275, 432 et seq. 44. Karl A. , Austria's Eastern Question 17~1790 (Princeton, 1982) p. 109. 45. Karl A. , Baron Thugut and Austria's Response to the French Revolution (Princeton, 1987) p. 126; Beales, Joseph 11, especially chapter 9; H. L. Dyck, 'Pondering the Russian Fact: Kaunitz and the Catherinian Empire in the 1770s', Canadian Slavonic Papers, XXII, 4 (1980) pp. 45169 which should be compared with the contrasting and in some respects less satisfactory account in Roider, Austria's Eastern Question, chapters 8 and 9.
81. 82. 83. 84. 37 poverty of Russian ministers, which contrasted sharply with the wealth of the favourite, Shuvalov: 'Memoire sur la Russie', Preussische und osterreichische Acten, p. 697. 205; the list is in ibid. 33024, f. 124. To put this enormous sum in perspective, it is exactly the annual subsidy demanded by Panin and refused by London during the unsuccessful alliance negotiations of 1763-4. See 'Most Secret Instructions', 13 August 1762, PRO SP 91170, ff. 79-80. Horn, Hanbury-Williams, p.