Science for the Masses: The Bolshevik State, Public Science, by James T. Andrews

By James T. Andrews


“A publication like no different in Russian experiences. Andrews has made a tremendous contribution to our figuring out of Russia and where of technology in its culture.”--Loren Graham, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
(Loren Graham, Massachusetts Institute of expertise )

About the Author

JAMES T. ANDREWS got his Ph.D. on the college of Chicago. He has taught as a vacationing professor at quite a few educational associations, together with the college of Texas at Austin, and has been affiliated as a senior study go along with the Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of the heritage of technological know-how and know-how in Moscow and St. Petersburg. He at present is an affiliate professor of contemporary Russian background at Iowa country collage in Ames.

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Additional info for Science for the Masses: The Bolshevik State, Public Science, and the Popular Imagination in Soviet Russia, 1917-1934 (Eastern European Studies Number Twenty-Two)

Sample text

4 This recent comparative European historiography points to the development of a public sphere in Russia in the Habermasian, communicative sense. 5 Scientific societies and science educators helped to develop this space in pre-1917 Russia for an articulation of public discourse. According to Habermas, as the commercial market expanded so did the rapidly expanding reading public and cultural realm. Periodicals replaced private correspondences as the important medium of discourse, and museums institutionalized public and lay opinions on art and science.

The first meetings of the society were conducted on the premises of the St. Petersburg Conservatory. The society formed a public library, which had to be kept in the private apartments of members. In 1909 the director of the Tenishev School in St. Petersburg offered the society the use of its relatively large telescope and other refractory instruments. With the help of members, the society was able to procure a 175-mm refractor, the second largest in St. Petersburg at the time, and some other instruments.

These exhibitions included the Ethnography Exhibition of 1867, the Moscow Polytechnic Exhibition of 1872, the Moscow Anthropological Exhibition of 1879, and the Moscow Geographical Exhibit of 1892. Through its public lectures, the society attempted to bring science closer to the common man. 35 Amateur scientific societies throughout the provincial centers of Russia were also involved in popular-scientific education in the late imperial period. The Ural Society of the Amateurs of Natural Science was founded in Ekaterinburg in 1871.

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