By Alexia Grosjean, Steve Murdoch
Migration is a basic function of human event. This notable selection of essays makes a speciality of a very fascinating series of migrations: these of Scots in the course of the interval 1600-1800. The booklet first considers the “near-abroad” (Ireland), the “middle-abroad” (Poland and Lithuania), and the “far-abroad” (the Americas), after which information a couple of acutely revealing case histories of Scottish groups in Bergen (Norway), Rotterdam and the Maas (the Netherlands), Gothenburg (Sweden), Kèdainiai (Lithuania), and Hamburg (Germany). Then, focusing on the Netherlands, the point of interest shifts to express cultural/occupational milieux: exiles (usually for spiritual reasons), scholars, and squaddies or sailors. In end, 3 top scholars—Lex Heerma van Voss, Sølvi Søgner, and Thomas O’Connor—offer wider contextual views that evaluate the Scottish adventure with that of different international locations. As Professor T.C. Smout says in his Foreword, “The current quantity is a step forward, without doubt the largest boost within the box for 100 years.”
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Extra resources for Scottish Communities Abroad In The Early Modern Period (Studies in Medieval and Reformation Traditions, V. 107)
Too often scholars forget that there were Britons with the Dutch in Ambon and that the victims of the massacre included Japanese and Portuguese equal in number to the unfortunate English who died, plus an equal number of Englishmen were set free to those killed. The point is that a VOC community eliminated their perceived competition. What they did not do was execute them simply because the one side were ‘Dutch’ while the others were ‘English’. The VOC oﬃcers attacked a rival mercantile community threatening their own, albeit the English were still publishing propaganda pamphlets to the contrary in 1688.
Although the Company of Scotland initially had support from English investors, the Darien scheme it engaged in resulted in physical disaster for 3000 Scottish settlers and a ﬁnancial catastrophe for hundreds of investors. The Honourable 1585–1621’ in J. Postma and V. , Riches from Atlantic Commerce: Dutch Transatlantic Trade and Shipping, 1585–1817 (Leiden: 2003), 34. 40 Griﬃths and Reid, ‘New Evidence on New Scotland’, 492; Canny, ‘The Origins of Empire’, 13. 41 W. Budde, ‘The Scots’ Charitable Society of Boston Massachusetts’, Appendix 5 in J.
16 T. C. Smout, N. C. Landsman and T. M. Devine, ‘Scottish Emigration in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries’ in N. , Europeans on the Move: Studies on European Migration 1500–1800 (Oxford: 1994), 85. 17 P. Livingstone, The Fermanagh Story (Enniskillen: 1969). I am grateful to Steve Murdoch for drawing my attention to this connection. 32 patrick fitzgerald engaged throughout the Thirty Years’ War in both the DanishNorwegian and the Swedish armies. 18 One result of this large-scale martial migration of Scots was increased trade with Ireland, as family groups like the Hamiltons maintained trading links with each other in both destinations.