By Gregory J. Cizek
This publication offers the main up to date and certain resource of data presently on hand on surroundings functionality criteria. Chapters are grouped by way of universal issues and supply diversified readers--educators, researchers, and policymakers-- prepared entry to the categorical features of ordinary surroundings that curiosity them.
half I offers views at the nature and function of ordinary atmosphere, focusing totally on theoretical matters. half II offers sensible info on quite a few equipment of normal environment and addresses such difficulties as tips to establish and teach members within the standard-setting approach. half III covers the lingering dilemmas in usual atmosphere that perplex theorists and practitioners.
by way of layout, this publication displays the most important features that dominate common environment at the present time and that are more likely to achieve this within the coming years. total, it offers practitioners, students, and policymakers with the instruments and views that will fruitfully be utilized to the demanding situations of ordinary atmosphere this present day and to the unknown demanding situations that lie ahead.
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Additional resources for Setting Performance Standards: Theory and Applications
Standard setting is perhaps the branch of psychometrics that blends more artistic, political, and cultural ingredients into the mix of its products than any other. In retrospect, I think it was the personal realization of this admixture that accounted for my expressed distaste for standard setting in my dissertation defense. As I write this introduction, I have a modestly improved affection for standard setting and somewhat enhanced technical skills in the area, but a lingering apprehension about the entire enterprise.
1994). Validating the performance standards associated with passing scores. Review of Educational Research, 64, 425–461. Lerner, B. (1979). Tests and standards today: Attacks, counterattacks, and responses. In R. T. ), New directions for testing and measurement: Impactive changes on measurement (pp. 15–31). San Francisco: Jossey Bass. Linn, R. L. (1994, October). The likely impact of performance standards as a function of uses: From rhetoric to sanctions. Paper presented at the National Center for Education Statistics and National Assessment Governing Board Joint Conference on Standard-Setting for Large-Scale Assessments, Washington, DC.
In retrospect, I think it was the personal realization of this admixture that accounted for my expressed distaste for standard setting in my dissertation defense. As I write this introduction, I have a modestly improved affection for standard setting and somewhat enhanced technical skills in the area, but a lingering apprehension about the entire enterprise. I am interested in standard setting, but my perspective on the practice has changed—some would say, matured—to see it as much less of a technical challenge and much more of a policy endeavor.